Last modified on 7 December 2014, at 23:00

refrain

See also: Refrain

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From a combination of Anglo-Norman refraindre, Middle French refreindre (from Latin refrangere), and Anglo-Norman refrener, Middle French refrener (from Latin refrenare).

VerbEdit

refrain (third-person singular simple present refrains, present participle refraining, simple past and past participle refrained)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To hold back, to restrain (someone or something). [from 14th c.]
    • Proverbs i:15.
      Refrain thy foot from their path.
  2. (reflexive, archaic) To show restraint; to hold oneself back. [from 14th c.]
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts V:
      And nowe I saye unto you: refrayne youreselves from these men, and let them alone [...].
  3. (transitive, now rare) To repress (a desire, emotion etc.); to check or curb. [from 14th c.]
    • Chaucer
      his reson aperceyueth it wel that it is synne / agayns the lawe of god / and yet his reson / refreyneth nat his foul delit or talent.
    • Bible, Proverbs i. 15
      Refrain thy foot from their path.
  4. (intransitive) To stop oneself from some action or interference; to abstain. [from 15th c.]
    • Bible, Acts v. 38
      Refrain from these men, and let them alone.
    • Sir Thomas Browne
      They refrained therefrom [eating flesh] some time after.
  5. (transitive, now rare, regional) To abstain from (food or drink). [from 16th c.]
    • Thomas Browne
      Who, requiring a remedy for his gout, received no other counsel than to refrain cold drink.
TranslationsEdit
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Etymology 2Edit

From French refrain, from the Old French verb refraindre (to break off, repeat), from Latin re- (back, again) + frangō (break); compare Occitan refranhs (a refrain), refranher (to repeat). See refract and the verb refrain.

NounEdit

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Wikipedia

refrain (plural refrains)

  1. The chorus or burden of a song repeated at the end of each verse or stanza.
    We hear the wild refrain. Whittier.
  2. A much repeated comment, complaint, or saying.
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

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FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

refrain m (plural refrains)

  1. refrain, chorus

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External linksEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

French

NounEdit

refrain m (invariable)

  1. refrain

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