Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *ātro-, *ātra-, from Proto-Indo-European *ētro-(quick, fast). Another possible etymological source is Proto-Indo-European *āter-, *ātr-(fire) (compare Avestan [script needed](ātar-, fire), in which case the semantic evolution would be “hot” > “fiery, passionate” > “fast, quick.” It is also possible that *ētro- and *āter- have the same origin, or are ultimately the same stem. Cognates include dialectal Lithuanian otrùs(sensitive, delicate; passionate, dilligent, laborious), Old High German ātar(sharp; subtle; quick, fast) (< *ētró-); some researchers include also the old Thracian river name Athrys (now Jantra, in Bulgaria).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

ātrs (def. ātrais, comp. ātrāks, sup. visātrākais; adv. ātri)

  1. fast, quick, rapid (capable of moving long distances in a short time; in rapid tempo)
    ātra mašīna‎ ― fast car
    visātrakais skrējējs‎ ― the fastest runner
    ātra runa‎ ― fast talk
    ātra izaugsme‎ ― rapid growth
    pulkstenis ir ātrāks‎ ― the clock is fast (= shows the wrong time, later than it really is)
    visātrākais ir gaismas stars; tā atrums ir 300 000 kilometru sekundē‎ ― the fastest (entity) is a light ray; its speed is 300 000 kilometers per second
  2. fast, quick (which takes place or is made in a short time)
    ātrs skrējiens‎ ― quick race
    ātra elpošana‎ ― quick breathing
    ātra uzvara‎ ― quick victory
    ātra nāve‎ ― quick death
    ātrs lēmums‎ ― quick decision
    ātrā (medicīniskā) palīdzība‎ ― first aid (lit. quick medical help)
  3. (of people) quick to become angry, short-tempered, temperamental
    ātras dabas cilvkēs‎ ― short-tempered person (lit. a person with a quick nature)
    lepna un ātra tā pārtrauca īso sarunu, paturēdama pēdējo vārdu‎ ― proud and quick (= short-tempered), she interrupted the short conversation, keeping the last word (for herself)
  4. (of looks, smiles) quick (lasting a short time)
    tad viņš uzmeta ātru skatu Ilzei‎ ― then he cast a quick glance at Ilze

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ātrs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7