Contents

LatvianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

With an epenthetic t, from Proto-Baltic *sraujas, an old yo-stem adjective, from Proto-Indo-European *srew-(to flow), from *ser-(to flow, to move quickly) (from a form *er-, *r̥-(to twist, to become twisted, agitated)) with an extra -w, similarly to another stem derived from the same form, *rew-, *row-(to run, to rush; to split, to pluck, to dig).) The semantic evolution was probably “flowing” > “moving rapidly” > “quick, fast.” Cognates include Lithuanian sraũjas, sraunùs(rapidly flowing) (dialectal straũjas), sraujà(current, torrent), Old Church Slavonic струя(struja) Russian струя(strujá), Bulgarian струя(strúja, squirt).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

straujš (def. straujais, comp. straujāks, sup. visstraujākais; adv. strauji)

  1. fast, quick, rapid (streaming, flowing rapidly)
    strauja upe‎ ― fast, rapid river
    straujš strauts, ūdens‎ ― fast stream, water
    strauja straume‎ ― rapid current
  2. fast, quick (capable of fast movement)
    straujš zirgs‎ ― fast horse
  3. fast, quick, rapid (which happens fast; having high speed)
    straujas kustības‎ ― rapid movements
    straujš brauciens‎ ― fast trip
    straujš usbrukums‎ ― fast attack
    strauja attistība‎ ― quick development
    strauja rotācija‎ ― fast rotation
    straujš ritms‎ ― fast rhythm, tempo
    strauja uguns, liesma‎ ― quick fire, flame
    braukt straujiem rikšiem‎ ― to ride at high speed (lit. with quick trot)
  4. quick to become angry, short-tempered, temperamental
    straujš raksturs, strauja daba‎ ― a short-tempered (lit. quick) character, nature
    Jānis Pekarskis bija nervozs, straujas dabas‎ ― Jānis Pekarskis was nervous, of temperamental nature

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “straujš”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7