žodis

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LithuanianEdit

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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

An extended-grade deverbative < archaic žàsti ‎(speak; awaken); see žadė́ti ‎(promise). Cognate with Latvian zadinât ‎(ridicule, blame; debate). Blažek's connection with Ancient Greek γηθέω ‎(gēthéō, be glad), Tocharian A kācke ‎(joy happiness), Tocharian B katkauña ‎(happiness)[1] < Proto-Indo-European *ǵeh₂dʰ-[2] fails to explain the underlying short vowel, and is, on balance, semantically rather weak. The -õ- is a secondary lengthened grade, as is typical for deverbials in -is.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

žõdis m ‎(plural žõdžiai) stress pattern 2

  1. word (smallest meaningful unit of speech)
  2. word, speech, utterance (act of speech, often as opposed to action)
    Apgìnti šãlį víen drąsių̃ žõdžių neužteñka. - Words are not enough to defend your country.
    Žõdžiù, ẽsame paténkinti pasirinkimù. - Basically (= in a word), we're satisfied with our choice.
  3. speech, the right to speak one's mind
    žõdžio láisvė - freedom of speech
  4. word, promise
    Dúok žõdį, kàd ateĩs. - Give me your word that you'll come.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Václav Blažek (2010) 'Lithuanian žodis "word"' in Baltistica, volume XLV(2), page 306
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 270
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