Open main menu

Wiktionary β


Ancient GreekEdit


Unclear etymology, Pokorny (1959) connects the Greek root φαρ- of φαρόω (pharóō, to plough), φάρυγξ (phárunx, throat), from a Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to cut, pierce, scrape) (i.e., a medicinal herb or root as something cut off or dug up), cognate with Proto-Germanic *burōną (conflated with *bazją) and Latin ferio. A Pre-Greek etymology has been proposed by R. S. P. Beekes.[1]


φάρμακον (phármakonn (genitive φαρμάκου)

  1. A drug, whether healing or noxious
  2. A healing drug, medicine, remedy
  3. A potion, charm, spell
  4. A deadly drug, poison
  5. A dye, color


  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1554