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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


Uncertain. Has been compared to Proto-Slavic *želězo (iron), Latin ferrum, and Hittite [script needed] (ḫapalki-). Perhaps related to κάλχη (kálkhē, purple). Ultimately, Proto-Indo-European origin seems unlikely and the word is probably a borrowing.




χᾰλκός (khalkósm (genitive χᾰλκοῦ); second declension

  1. copper, or copper alloyed with tin, bronze
  2. (poetic) anything made of metal
  3. copper, cauldron, urn
  4. copper money
  5. the phrase χαλκοῦ ἄνθος (khalkoû ánthos): particle thrown off by copper while cooling


Derived termsEdit


  • χαλκός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • χαλκός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • χαλκός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • χαλκός in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • χαλκός in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • G5475”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
  • BDAG
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill



χαλκός (chalkósm (uncountable)

  1. (chemistry, metallurgy) copper


Derived termsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Further readingEdit