Uncertain. Has been compared to Proto-Slavic *želězo (“iron”), Latin ferrum, and Hittite [script needed] (ḫapalki-). Perhaps related to κάλχη (kálkhē, “purple”). Ultimately, Proto-Indo-European origin seems unlikely and the word is probably a borrowing.
χᾰλκός • (khalkós) m (genitive χᾰλκοῦ); second declension
- copper, or copper alloyed with tin, bronze
- (poetic) anything made of metal
- copper, cauldron, urn
- copper money
- the phrase χαλκοῦ ἄνθος (khalkoû ánthos): particle thrown off by copper while cooling
Terms derived from χαλκός (khalkós)
- χαλκός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- χαλκός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
- χαλκός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
- «χαλκός» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
- χαλκός in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
- “G5475”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
- Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
- Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill