Uncertain. Has been compared to Proto-Slavic *želězo (“iron”), Latin ferrum, and Hittite [script needed] (ḫapalki-). Perhaps related to κάλχη (kálkhē, “purple”). Ultimately, Proto-Indo-European origin seems unlikely and the word is probably a borrowing.
χᾰλκός • (khalkós) m (genitive χᾰλκοῦ); second declension
- copper, or copper alloyed with tin, bronze
- (poetic) anything made of metal
- copper, cauldron, urn
- copper money
- the phrase χαλκοῦ ἄνθος (khalkoû ánthos): particle thrown off by copper while cooling
Derived terms from χαλκός
- Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
- χαλκός in A Greek–English Lexicon by Liddell & Scott, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940
- Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill
- G5475 in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible.