A loanword from an unknown source. According to de Vaan, possibly from a Phoenician dialect: compare Phoenician 𐤁𐤀𐤓𐤆𐤄𐤋 (barzel), Classical Syriac ܦܪܙܠܐ (parzlā, “iron”). The word could have entered Latin through Etruscan.
ferrum n (genitive ferrī); second declension
- any tool made of iron
- Urbi ferrō flammāque minitatus est.
- He threatened the city with fire and sword.
- Ferro incumbere.
- To fall on his sword.
- ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 214
- ^ Klein, Dr. Ernest, A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language, Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., 1971.