English edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin ferrum.

Noun edit

ferrum (countable and uncountable, plural ferrums)

  1. (homeopathy) Any of various remedies made from iron-containing compounds.

Translations edit

Latin edit

 ferrum on Latin Wikipedia
Chemical element
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Next: cobaltum (Co)

Etymology edit

From earlier *ferzom, from a substrate loanword from an unknown source. According to de Vaan, possibly from a Phoenician dialect,[1]𐤁𐤓𐤆𐤋(brzl /⁠barzel⁠/, iron), akin to Aramaicפַּרְזְלָא⁩, ⁧ܦܪܙܠܐ(parzəlā, iron), Akkadian 𒀭𒁇 (parzillum, iron), Ugaritic 𐎁𐎗𐎏𐎍 (brḏl, iron), considered of Anatolian origin.[2] The word could have entered Latin through Etruscan.[3]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ferrum n (genitive ferrī); second declension

  1. iron
  2. (metonymically) any tool made of iron
    Synonym: chalybs
  3. sword
    Urbi ferrō flammāque minitatus est.
    He threatened the city with fire and sword.
    Ferro incumbere.
    To fall on his sword.
    Hyponyms: ēnsis, gladius
  4. fight, clash
    • c. 27 CE – 66 CE, Petronius, Satyricon 45.6:
      Non est miscix. ferrum optimum daturus est, sine fuga, carnarium in medio, ut amphitheater videat.
      He is no flibbertigibbet, he will give the best fight, without flight, a carnage in the middle, so that the whole amphitheater will see it.
    • c. 161, Dig. XXVIII.I.8.4 Gaius libro septimo decimo ad edictum provinciale
      Hi vero, qui ad ferrum aut ad bestias aut in metallum damnantur, libertatem perdunt bonaque eorum publicantur: unde apparet amittere eos testamenti factionem.
      But those sentenced to fight in the arena or with the beasts or to work in the mines lose freedom and their assets are forfeited: hence one sees that the efficacy of their last will must be denied.
    Synonyms: pugna, gladius

Declension edit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ferrum ferra
Genitive ferrī ferrōrum
Dative ferrō ferrīs
Accusative ferrum ferra
Ablative ferrō ferrīs
Vocative ferrum ferra

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • ferrum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ferrum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ferrum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • ferrum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to cut one's way (through the enemies' ranks): ferro viam facere (per confertos hostes)
    • to ravage with fire and sword: omnia ferro ignique, ferro atque igni or ferro flammaque vastare
    • to fight a pitched battle: acie (armis, ferro) decernere
    • all have perished by the sword: omnia strata sunt ferro
    • (ambiguous) to fly aloft; to be carried into the sky: sublimem or sublime (not in sublime or sublimiter) ferri, abire
    • (ambiguous) to be in every one's mouth: per omnium ora ferri
    • (ambiguous) to feel an attraction for study: trahi, ferri ad litteras
    • (ambiguous) to feel inspired: divino quodam instinctu concitari, ferri (Div. 1. 31. 66)
    • (ambiguous) to take a higher tone (especially of poets and orators): exsurgere altius or incitatius ferri
    • (ambiguous) to be carried away by one's passions: libidine ferri
    • (ambiguous) to be carried away by something: praecipitem ferri aliqua re (Verr. 5. 46. 121)
    • (ambiguous) to have no principles: caeco impetu ferri
    • (ambiguous) to throw oneself heart and soul into politics: studio ad rem publicam ferri
    • (ambiguous) to throw oneself on the enemy with drawn sword: strictis gladiis in hostem ferri
  • ferrum”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ferrum”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 214
  2. ^ Olmo Lete, Gregorio del; Sanmartín, Joaquín; Watson, Wilfred G. E. (2015), “ferrum”, in A Dictionary of the Ugaritic Language in the Alphabetic Tradition (Handbook of Oriental Studies; 112), 3rd edition, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 234
  3. ^ Klein, Dr. Ernest, A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language, Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., 1971.