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  • IPA(key): [ˈɦrɑte]

Etymology 1Edit

From Old East Slavic играти (igrati), from Proto-Slavic *jьgrati, *ьgrati, which is related to Lithuanian áikštytis. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ayg- (to move).


гра́ти (hrátyimpf (perfective зігра́ти)

  1. (intransitive, transitive) to play on musical instrument
  2. (intransitive, colloquial) to play
  3. (intransitive) to participate in a game
  4. (intransitive, figuratively) to be in a motion all time, to make quick moves
  5. (intransitive) to take something not seriously
  6. (intransitive) to effervesce
  7. (intransitive, figuratively) to glimmer
  8. (intransitive, transitive) to act as the indicated role, especially in a performance
  9. (intransitive) to move quickly and noisily like a storm (sea)
  10. (transitive, slang) to have sex
Derived termsEdit
  • Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (1982), “грати”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volume I, Kiev: Naukova Dumka, page 586
  • грати in Bilodid I. K., editor (1970–1980) Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy, Kiev: Naukova Dumka

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.


гра́ти (hrátyf inan pl (genitive грат, plural only)

  1. Alternative spelling of ґрати (graty)

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.


грати (hraty)

  1. nominative plural of грат (hrat)
  2. accusative plural of грат (hrat)
  3. vocative plural of грат (hrat)