Bulgarian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [dif]
  • Audio:(file)

Etymology 1

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From Proto-Slavic *divъ (wild).

Adjective

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див (div)

  1. wild, untamed
    Synonyms: (dialectal) дик (dik), необузда́н (neobuzdán)
    Antonym: пи́томен (pítomen)
    ди́во живо́тноdívo živótnowild animal
    ди́ва коко́шкаdíva kokóškapartridge (literally, “wild hen”)
    див конdiv konmustang (literally, “wild horse”)
    ди́во расте́ниеdívo rasténiewild plant
    див лук, див че́сънdiv luk, div čésǎnramsons (literally, “wild leek, wild garlic”)
    див о́рехdiv órehailanthus (literally, “wild chesnut”)
    див бъзdiv bǎzdanewort (literally, “wild elderberry”)
    Ди́вия за́падDívija západ(the) Wild west
    Ди́вата приро́даDívata priróda(the) Wild nature
  2. animalistic
    Synonym: животи́нски (životínski)
    див инсти́нктdiv instínktanimal-like instinct
  3. (figurative) savage, barbaric, uncivilized
    Synonyms: свиреп (svirep), подивял (podivjal)
    ди́во пле́меdívo plémeuncivilized tribe
  4. (abstract) primitive, inchoate, wild and woolly
  5. (abstract) pristine, unspoiled by humans
    ди́ви поля́dívi poljápristine fields
    ди́ви гори́dívi gorípristine forests
Declension
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Derived terms
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References

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  • див”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • див”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1971), “див¹”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1 (А – З), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, →ISBN, page 381

Etymology 2

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Uncertain. Per BER, native, perhaps inherited from Proto-Slavic *divъ (some kind of evil spirit) of further etymology unclear. Cognate with Old East Slavic дивъ (divŭ, spirit).

Noun

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див (divm (feminine ди́ва or диви́ня)

  1. (dialectal, mythology) evil spirit, monster
Declension
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References

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  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1971), “див²”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1 (А – З), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, →ISBN, page 384

Etymology 3

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Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دیو (div, demon; giant), of Iranian origin. Compare Serbo-Croatian ди̏в (giant). First attested in the 15 century.

Noun

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див (divm

  1. (dialectal, folklore) Alternative form of дев (dev, demihuman) (folklore personage with extraordinary capabilities, attested in tales and legends) (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought:)
Usage notes
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In modern folklore, there is no strict distinction between Etymology 2 and Etymology 3.

Declension
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References

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Anagrams

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Macedonian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *divъ.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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див (div) (comparative подив, superlative најдив, abstract noun дивина)

  1. wild, untamed
    диво животноdivo životnowild animal
  2. animalistic, wild
  3. deserted (place)
  4. savage, barbaric, uncivilized
    Synonym: свиреп (svirep)
    диво племеdivo plemeuncivilized tribe
  5. strange, weird, antisocial (for a person)
  6. (abstract) primitive, inchoate, wild and woolly
  7. (abstract) pristine, unspoiled by humans
    диви гориdivi goripristine forests
  8. illegal
    дива градбаdiva gradbaillegal building

Declension

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Russian

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *divъ (evil spirit)

Noun

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див (divm anim (genitive ди́ва, nominative plural ди́вы, genitive plural ди́вов)

  1. (mythology, folklore) demon, harbinger of misfortune
    Synonym: дэв (dɛv)
Declension
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References

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  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “див”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress

Etymology 2

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Noun

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див (divn inan pl

  1. genitive plural of ди́во (dívo)

Etymology 3

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Noun

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див (divf anim pl

  1. genitive/accusative plural of ди́ва (díva)

Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دیو (div), from Persian دیو (div), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *deywós.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ди̏в m (Latin spelling dȉv)

  1. giant

Declension

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Derived terms

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References

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  • Skok, Petar (1971–1974) chapter DIV, in Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika [Etymological Dictionary of the Croatian or Serbian Language] (in Serbo-Croatian), volumes 1–4 (A – Ž), Zagreb: JAZU, page 409