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Old Church SlavonicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *byti, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *bū́ˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuh₂- (see Proto-Indo-European *bʰew-). Baltic cognates include Lithuanian būti and Latvian būt. Other Indo-European cognates include Latin fuī (I was), Ancient Greek φύω (phúō), Sanskrit भवति (bhávati, to become), and Persian بودن(bûdan, to be).

VerbEdit

бꙑти (byti)

  1. to be

ConjugationEdit

present imperfective aorist future imperative perfective aorist
1st person sg есмь бѣахъ бѣхъ бѫдѫ бꙑхъ
2nd person sg еси бѣаше бѣ бѫдеши бѫди бꙑстъ (бꙑ)
3rd person sg естъ бѣаше бѣ бѫдетъ бѫди бꙑстъ (бꙑ)
1st person dual есвѣ бѣаховѣ бѣховѣ бѫдевѣ бѫдѣвѣ бꙑховѣ
2nd person dual еста бѣашета бѣста бѫдета бѫдѣта бꙑста
3rd person dual есте бѣашете бѣсте бѫдете бѫдѣте бꙑсте
1st person pl есмъ бѣахомъ бѣхомъ бѫдемъ бѫдѣмъ бꙑхомъ
2nd person pl есте бѣашете бѣсте бѫдете бѫдѣте бꙑсте
3rd person pl сѫтъ бѣахѫ бѣшѧ бѫдѫтъ бѫдѫ бꙑшѧ

participles

masculine sg neuter sg feminine sg
present active participle сꙑ сꙑ сѫшти
resultative participle бꙑлъ бꙑло бꙑла
past active participle бꙑвъ бꙑвъ бꙑвъши
substantive бꙑтьѥ, бꙑтиѥ

не бꙑти (negative conjugation)

singular dual plural
1st person нѣсмь нѣсвѣ нѣсмъ
2nd person нѣси нѣста нѣсте
3rd person нѣстъ нѣсте не сѫтъ