замок

Contents

MacedonianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

замок ‎(zamokm

  1. castle

RussianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowing from Polish zamek, which is a calque via Czech zámek of Middle High German sloz ‎(lock, keep), which, in turn, is a calque of Latin clūsa ‎(lock, fort, fortification). Attested from the 17th century. Related to замыкать ‎(zamykatʹ) (замкнуть ‎(zamknutʹ)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

за́мок ‎(zámokm inan ‎(genitive за́мка, nominative plural за́мки)

  1. castle
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the verb замыкать ‎(zamykatʹ, to close), from за- ‎(za-) + -мкнуть, related to Old East Slavic промъкнѫти сѧ ‎(promŭknǫti sę, to dash past, propagate, be carried) and Old Church Slavonic мъкнѫти сѧ ‎(mŭknǫti sę, transpire). Cognate with Ukrainian замкнути ‎(zamknuty), Belarusian мкнуць ‎(mknucʹ), Bulgarian мъкна ‎(mǎkna, pull out), Serbo-Croatian макнути ‎(to move), Slovene makníti, Czech mknouti, Slovak mknúť, Polish mknąć ‎(to move, push, encourage), whence Russian мчать ‎(mčatʹ). Related to Lithuanian mùkti, munkù, mukaũ ‎(be released, escape), Latvian mukt ‎(knock off, slip).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

замо́к ‎(zamókm inan ‎(genitive замка́, nominative plural замки́)

  1. lock
    америка́нский замо́к‎ ― amerikánskij zamók ― springlock
    англи́йский замо́к‎ ― anglíjskij zamókpatent lock
    на замке́‎ ― na zamké ― under lock and key
    под замко́м‎ ― pod zamkóm ― under lock and key
See alsoEdit
DeclensionEdit

UkrainianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

за́мок ‎(zámokm inan ‎(genitive за́мку, nominative plural за́мки)

  1. castle
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

замо́к ‎(zamókm inan ‎(genitive замка́, nominative plural замки́)

  1. lock
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bilodid I. K., editor (1970–1980), “замок”, in Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language] (in Ukrainian), Kiev: Naukova Dumka
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