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RussianEdit

 
Орёл (1)
 
Орёл (2)

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic орьлъ (orĭlŭ), from Proto-Slavic *orьlъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃érō.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɐˈrʲɵl]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɵl

NounEdit

орёл (orjólm anim (genitive орла́, nominative plural орлы́, genitive plural орло́в)

  1. eagle
  2. (colloquial) tails, heads (the side of a coin bearing a coat of arms, e.g. Russia's double-headed eagle)
    орёл и́ли ре́шка?orjól íli réška?heads or tails?
  3. (figuratively) a brave man

Usage notesEdit

  • The range of species referred to as орёл (orjól) is smaller than the range of species referred to as eagles in English. For example, the bald eagle and other members of Haliaeetus genus are referred to as орла́н (orlán), not орёл (orjól).
  • The terms орёл (orjól) and ре́шка (réška) are applicable only to coins which, like Russia's coinage, have a coat of arms on one side and something else (e.g. the portrait of the head of state or the value of the coin) on the other. The terms аве́рс (avérs) and ре́верс (révers) are more universally applicable, but used mainly in numismatics.

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