Translingual edit

 
а U+0430, а
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A
Я
[U+042F]
Cyrillic б
[U+0431]
 
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Letter edit

а (upper case А)

  1. A letter of the Cyrillic script, called a.

Letter edit

а (upper case А)

  1. A letter of the Old Cyrillic script, called az or azu.

Gallery edit

Abaza edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Abaza alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Abkhaz edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Abkhaz alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Adyghe edit

Etymology 1 edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Adyghe alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ʔaː]
  • (file)

Determiner edit

а (a)

  1. that, Calling article (o)
    а бэнанэa bɛnanɛthat banana
    а пшъашъэa pŝaŝɛthat girl
    а кӏалэм еӏуэa kʼalɛm jeʼwɛthat boy is saying

Aghul edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Aghul alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Alutor edit

Letter edit

а (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Alutor alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Archi edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Archi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Avar edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Avar alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Azerbaijani edit

Letter edit

а (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Bashkir edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɑ/, /ä/

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Bashkir alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Belarusian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Belarusian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *a (and, but)

Conjunction edit

а (a)

  1. but, and, and yet (deviates from the preceding idea in some manner; introduces a new or different meaning, as opposed to но (no), which usually indicates contrarity)
    Не ён, а яна́.Nje jon, a janá.Not he, but she.

Particle edit

а (a)

  1. interrogative particle: introduces a question
    А як жа?A jak ža?But how?, By what means?

Etymology 3 edit

Interjection edit

а (a) !

  1. ah!, oh!, oh well

Bulgarian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Bulgarian alphabet, called а (a), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

а (a)

  1. used in orders for emphasis: let’s, just
    А върви де!
    A vǎrvi de!
    Come on, go ahead!
    А да идем на кино.
    A da idem na kino.
    Let’s go to the pictures.
    А удари ме, ако смееш.
    A udari me, ako smeeš.
    Just you hit me, if you dare.
    Кажи де, а кажи!
    Kaži de, a kaži!
    Speak up, do!
  2. just, about to, on the point of, almost
    разперила криле, а-а да хвръкне
    razperila krile, a-a da hvrǎkne
    with wings spread out, about to fly off

Interjection edit

а (a)

  1. used to express surprise or wonder: ah, oh, ha, why
    А, ето къде си бил!
    A, eto kǎde si bil!
    Ah, there you are!
    А, значи ти хареса.
    A, znači ti haresa.
    Oh, so you liked it.
    А! Не те видях.
    A! Ne te vidjah.
    Oh! I didn't see you there.
    А, Джейн, ти ли си!
    A, Džejn, ti li si!
    Why Jane, it's you!
  2. used to express pleasure, relief: ah
    А, пролетните цветя.
    A, proletnite cvetja.
    Ah, the flowers of spring.
    А, спомням си старите времена.
    A, spomnjam si starite vremena.
    Ah, I remember the good old days.
  3. used when you are not certain about something and you would like confirmation: eh, well, right, or translated with a tag question
    Хареса ти, а?
    Haresa ti, a?
    So, you liked it, eh/did you?
    Утре заминаваш, а?
    Utre zaminavaš, a?
    You're leaving tomorrow, right?
  4. (colloquial) used to indicate that one did not hear what was said: eh, huh
    ‘Не съм гладен.’ ‘А?’ ‘Казах, че не съм гладен.’
    ‘Ne sǎm gladen.’ ‘A?’ ‘Kazah, če ne sǎm gladen.’
    ‘I'm not hungry.’ ‘Eh?’ ‘I said I'm not hungry.’
    А? Какво каза?
    A? Kakvo kaza?
    Huh? What did you say?
  5. used to express understanding, recognition, or realization: oh
    А, значи така работело.
    A, znači taka rabotelo.
    Oh, so that's how it works.
    А, сега ми дойде наум!
    A, sega mi dojde naum!
    Oh, I’ve just thought of it.
    А, да, сетих се!
    A, da, setih se!
    Oh, yes, I remember.
  6. used to express displeasure, objection
    Изпуснал влака … ама работа, а!
    Izpusnal vlaka … ama rabota, a!
    So he missed the train … what a damned nuisance!
    А, той ще ми каже!
    A, toj šte mi kaže!
    He's not the one to tell me!
    Ще ми се плезиш, а!
    Šte mi se pleziš, a!
    Don't stick out your tongue at me!
  7. used to express criticism or disapproval: now
    А-а, така не може!
    A-a, taka ne može!
    Now, this sort of thing can’t go on/won’t do!
    А, Били, така не се говори на майка си!
    A, Bili, taka ne se govori na majka si!
    Now, Billy, that's no way to talk to your mother!

Etymology 3 edit

From Proto-Slavic *a (and, but).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (stressed) [a], (unstressed) [ɐ], [ə]

Conjunction edit

а (a)

  1. used to describe how two facts are different: whereas, while
    Мислехме си, че е арогантна, а всъщност просто беше много срамежлива.
    Mislehme si, če e arogantna, a vsǎštnost prosto beše mnogo sramežliva.
    We thought she was arrogant, whereas in fact she was just very shy.
    Той има кафяви очи, а децата му имат зелени очи.
    Toj ima kafjavi oči, a decata mu imat zeleni oči.
    He has brown eyes whereas his children have green eyes.
    Едни се раждат, а други умират.
    Edni se raždat, a drugi umirat.
    Some are born while others die.
  2. used to introduce an idea that is different or opposite to the idea that is desired, expected or that you have stated previously: but, yet, rather
    Не музиката не харесвам, а самата банда.
    Ne muzikata ne haresvam, a samata banda.
    It's not the music I don't like but rather the band themselves.
    Тя получи повишението не заради късмет, а с усърдна работа.
    Tja poluči povišenieto ne zaradi kǎsmet, a s usǎrdna rabota.
    She got the promotion not by luck but by hard work.
    Стените не бяха бели, а по-скоро мръсно сиви.
    Stenite ne bjaha beli, a po-skoro mrǎsno sivi.
    The walls were not white, but rather a sort of dirty grey.
    Той има добра работа, а като че ли никога няма пари.
    Toj ima dobra rabota, a kato če li nikoga njama pari.
    He has a good job, and yet he never seems to have any money.
    Мислех си, че те познавам, а колко съм грешал.
    Misleh si, če te poznavam, a kolko sǎm grešal.
    I thought I knew you, yet how wrong I was.
    Видях го вчера, а не днес.
    Vidjah go včera, a ne dnes.
    I saw him yesterday, not today.
  3. used to start a new sentence or clause that continues or adds to a previous sentence or clause: and
    Минаха години и всичко се промени. А той все още не се завръщаше.
    Minaha godini i vsičko se promeni. A toj vse ošte ne se zavrǎštaše.
    Years passed and everything changed. And he still hadn't come back.
Synonyms edit
Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • Бояджиев, Тодор (1999), “3. Части на речта / 3.8. Съюз”, in Съвременен Български Език (in Bulgarian), София: Издателска къща "Петър Берон", →ISBN, page 357

Buryat edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Buryat alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Chechen edit

Etymology 1 edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Chechen alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Compare Ingush а (a).

Conjunction edit

а (a)

  1. and

See also edit

Chukchi edit

Letter edit

а (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Chukchi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Chuvash edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Chuvash alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Crimean Tatar edit

Letter edit

а (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Crimean Tatar alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Dargwa edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Dargwa alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Dungan edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Dungan alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Eastern Mari edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Russian а (a).

Conjunction edit

а (a)

  1. and, but (used to connect two phrases when there is a contrast between them)
    тиде тылат, а тиде мылам
    tide tylat, a tide mylam
    this is for you, but that is for me
  2. but, but instead (used in clauses preceded by negated clauses)
    тышке огыл, а тушко
    tyške ogyl, a tuško
    not here, but there
  3. and, but (introduces supplementary questions)
    а вараже?
    a varaže?
    and then?

Etymology 2 edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Eastern Mari alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

References edit

  • J. Bradley et al. (2023), “а”, in The Mari Web Project: Mari-English Dictionary, University of Vienna

Even edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Even alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Evenki edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Evenki alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Ingush edit

Etymology 1 edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Ingush alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Compare Chechen а (a).

Conjunction edit

а (a)

  1. and

Itelmen edit

Letter edit

а (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Itelmen alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Kabardian edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Kabardian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Kalmyk edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Kalmyk alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Kazakh edit

Alternative scripts
Arabic ا
Cyrillic А, а
Latin A, a
Yañalif A, a

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Kazakh alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

а (a)

  1. ah (expression of surprise)

Khakas edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Khakas alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Kumyk edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Kumyk alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Kyrgyz edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɑ/
  • (dialectal, some loanwords): IPA(key): /a/

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Kyrgyz alphabet, called а (a), and written in the Cyrillic script.

Usage notes edit

The pronunciation of the phoneme as /a/ only occurs in Persian loanwords with a front vowel later in the word in some dialects. In most dialects, this is indistinct from /ɑ/.

Noun edit

а (a) (Arabic spellingا⁩)

  1. The name of the Cyrillic script letter А / а.

See also edit

Lezgi edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Lezgi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Macedonian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Macedonian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *a.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

а (a)

  1. and, whereas

Interjection edit

а (a)

  1. oh
  2. huh?

Particle edit

а (a)

  1. what about
    А јас?A jas?What about me?

Mongolian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Russian а (a).

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Mongolian alphabet, called а (a), and written in the Cyrillic script.

Noun edit

а (a)

  1. The name of the Cyrillic script letter А / а.

See also edit

Nivkh edit

Etymology 1 edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Nivkh alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

а (a)

  1. (Amur, Sakhalin) armspan

Northern Mansi edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Northern Mansi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Old Church Slavonic edit

Etymology 1 edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. A letter of the Old Church Slavonic alphabet, called азъ (azŭ), and written in the Old Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Slavic *a.

Conjunction edit

а (a)

  1. and
  2. but

Old East Slavic edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *a. Cognates include Old Church Slavonic а (a) and Old Polish a.

Pronunciation edit

  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /ɑ/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /a/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /a/
  • Hyphenation: а

Conjunction edit

а (a)

  1. but, and

Synonyms edit

Descendants edit

  • Old Ruthenian: а (a)
    • Belarusian: а (a)
    • Carpathian Rusyn: а (a)
    • Ukrainian: а (a)
  • Russian: а (a) (see there for further descendants)

References edit

  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1893), “а”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[1] (in Russian), volume 1 (А – К), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 1

Old Novgorodian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *a.

Conjunction edit

а (a)

  1. but, and

References edit

Orok edit

Letter edit

а (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Orok alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Ossetian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Ossetian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Romanian edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Moldovan alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Russian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Russian alphabet, called а (a), and written in the Cyrillic script.

Noun edit

а (an inan (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Cyrillic script letter А / а.
  2. The name of the Latin-script letter A.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *a (and, but), from Proto-Balto-Slavic , from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ōd (presumed to be the ablative of *éy, h₁e). Cognate with Lithuanian õ (and, but).

Possible link with Lithuanian ar̃ (question particle). Compare Russian а (a, and, but), и (i, and) and да (da, and, but) with Lithuanian ar̃ (if, whether), ir̃ (and) and dár (still, yet).

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)
  • (stressed) IPA(key): [a]
  • (unstressed) IPA(key): [ə]
  • (unstressed, pre-tonal) IPA(key): [ɐ]

Conjunction edit

а (a)

  1. but, and (deviates from the preceding idea in some manner; introduces a new or different meaning, as opposed to но (no), which usually indicates contrarity)
    Сего́дня тепло́, а вчера́ бы́ло хо́лодно.Sevódnja tepló, a včerá býlo xólodno.It is warm today, but yesterday it was cold.
    Э́то не я́блоко, а гру́ша.Éto ne jábloko, a grúša.This is not an apple, but a pear.
    А что?A što?How come?
    а тоa toor else
Descendants edit
  • Eastern Mari: а (a)
  • Ingrian: a
  • Kildin Sami: а (a)
  • Votic: a
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

Compare Lithuanian à, õ, (expression of pain, surprise), as well as Gothic 𐍉 (ō, ah!), Latin ā, āh (expression of pain, anger), Ancient Greek (â, ah!)

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

а! (a!)

  1. oh! (expressing surprise or realization)

Particle edit

а (a)

  1. colloquial particle used to seek confirmation: eh
    Synonym: (vernacular, humorous) ась (asʹ)
    Ты слы́шишь меня́, а?Ty slýšišʹ menjá, a?Do you hear me, eh?
    Ты придёшь сего́дня, а?Ty pridjóšʹ sevódnja, a?So are you coming today, then?

Etymology 4 edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

а (a) (indeclinable)

  1. (criminal slang) he, she or it (used to point to a particular person)
References edit
  • Pirožkov, Viktor (2001) Kriminalʹnaja Psixologija [Criminal Psychology], Moscow: Os-89

Serbo-Croatian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Letter edit

а (lower case, upper case А, Latin spelling a)

  1. The first letter of the Serbo-Croatian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *a (and, but), from Proto-Balto-Slavic .

Conjunction edit

а (Latin spelling a)

  1. but, and (compare а̏ли)
    учио сам ц(иј)ело посл(иј)еподне, а ништа нисам научиоI studied for the whole afternoon, but I didn't learn anything
    а како бисте ви то направили?and how would you do that?
  2. while (on the contrary), whereas
    столови су црвени, а столице су зеленеthe tables are red, whereas the chairs are green
  3. (with да не) without (usually after negative verbs)
    не могу се укључити у расправу, а да не направим нередI cannot enter a discussion without making a mess
    одлази, а да није рекао ни збогомhe's leaving without even saying goodbye
  4. (а и̏па̄к) and yet
    прави пријатељ зна све о теби, а ипак те волиthe real friend knows everything about you, and yet he loves you
  5. (а ка̏моли) not to mention, let alone
    у мору лоших в(иј)ести тешко је остати објективан, а камоли оптимистичанin the sea of bad news it's hard to stay objective, let alone optimistic
  6. (а + и + да) even if
    а и да јесам то направио, не би то учинило неку разликуeven if I did it, it wouldn't have made much of a difference
  7. (а + и) and so, and also, and too
    свиђају ми се плавуше, а и ја се покојој свидимI like blondes, and some of them even like me
    били су жалосни, а и ја самthey were sad, and so am I

Etymology 3 edit

Attested since the 15th century. Probably of onomatopoeic origin. Compare Slovene a, Russian а (a), Lithuanian õ, Latin ō and Ancient Greek (ô). These could all derive from Proto-Indo-European interjection ō (oh, ah), but each form in individual languages could easily be an independent, expressive formation.

Interjection edit

а (Latin spelling a)

  1. oh, ah
    а да?oh really?

References edit

  • а” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • а” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Skok, Petar (1971), “а”, in Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika [Etymological Dictionary of the Croatian or Serbian Language] (in Serbo-Croatian), volume 1 (A – J), Zagreb: JAZU, page 1

Southern Altai edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Southern Altai alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Tabasaran edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Tabasaran alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Tajik edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Tajik alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Tatar edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Tatar alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Tundra Nenets edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Tundra Nenets alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Tuvan edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Tuvan alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Udmurt edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Udmurt alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Ukrainian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

See Translingual section.

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Ukrainian alphabet, called а (a), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Conjunction edit

а (a)

  1. and, and yet, but
    Не він, а вона.Ne vin, a vona.Not he, but she.

Etymology 3 edit

Particle edit

а (a)

  1. interrogative particle: introduces a question
    А то для чого?A to dlja čoho?And why so?
    А як же?A jak že?But how?, By what means?

Etymology 4 edit

Interjection edit

а (a) !

  1. ah!, oh!, oh well

Uzbek edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Uzbek alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Western Mari edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Western Mari alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Yakut edit

Letter edit

а (a) (lower case, upper case А)

  1. The first letter of the Yakut alphabet, called а (a), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit