EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈaʊt əv/, (before a consonant usually) /ˈaʊtə/
  • (file)

PrepositionEdit

out of

  1. Expressing motion away, literal or figurative; opposed to into.
    1. From the inside to the outside of. [from 5th c.]
      The audience came out of the theater.
      The cat jumped out of the basket.
    2. So as no longer to be in a given condition or state. [from 10th c.]
      I have fallen out of love with you.
      They will soon be out of business.
      This train will be going out of service at the next station.
    3. (informal) From a thing or or place as a source, place of origin etc. [from 12th c.]
      He ate out of a big bowl.
      Turns out he's some rapper out of New York called Buster Bigmouth.
      • 1997, New York, volume 30, number 31, page 33:
        Mike Morgillo, a cop out of the Bronx borough command — who is married to a detective — says he's sick of sitting around other cops' backyards hearing the same old he-shot, she-shot stories.
    4. (nautical) Stating the port in which a boat has been registered.
      There's the Titanic out of Liverpool.
    5. Taken from among; expressing a fraction of (a larger number). [from 15th c.]
      Only three out of a thousand are born with this rare disease.
      Out of the entire class, only Cynthia completed the work.
    6. (now chiefly horse breeding) Born from a given mother (cf. by). [from 19th c.]
      She's a lovely little filly, by Big Lad, out of Damsel in Distress.
  2. Expressing position outside, literal or figurative; opposed to in.
    1. Not within a given space, area etc. [from 10th c.]
      His feet rested out of the water.
      Is your mother out of hospital?
    2. Not in (a given state, condition). [from 13th c.]
      I'm rather out of practice right now.
      He cannot see you because he's feeling out of spirits today.
    3. Without; no longer in possession of. [from 15th c.]
      Sorry, we're out of bread.
  3. From a given cause or motivation. [from 13th c.]
    I laughed out of embarrassment.
    She only did it out of love for him.
    She asked the question out of mere curiosity.
  4. From a given material as means of construction. [from 14th c.]
    It's made out of mahogany.

SynonymsEdit

The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. For synonyms and antonyms you may use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}}.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  • Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "Bounded landmarks", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8