Old Church Slavonic edit

Old Church Slavonic numbers (edit)
60
 ←  5 6 7  → 
    Cardinal: шесть (šestĭ)
    Ordinal: шестъ (šestŭ)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *šestь.

Numeral edit

шесть (šestĭ)

  1. six

Declension edit

Coordinate terms edit

Old Ruthenian edit

Old Ruthenian numbers (edit)
60
 ←  5 6 7  → 
    Cardinal: шесть (šestʹ)
    Ordinal: шостый (šostyj)

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old East Slavic шесть (šestĭ), from Proto-Slavic *šȅstь, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *šéšti, from *šéš, from Proto-Indo-European *swéḱs. Cognate with Russian шесть (šestʹ), Old Church Slavonic шесть (šestĭ).

Numeral edit

шесть (šestʹ)

  1. six (6)
    Synonyms: ·ѕ҃· (6), ·ꙅ҃· (6)

Descendants edit

  • Belarusian: шэсць (šescʹ); шэсьць (šesʹcʹ) (Taraškievica orthography)
  • Carpathian Rusyn: шість (šistʹ)
  • Ukrainian: шість (šistʹ)

Further reading edit

  • Hrynchyshyn, D. H., editor (1978), “шесть, шестъ”, in Словник староукраїнської мови XIV–XV ст. [Dictionary of the Old Ukrainian Language of the 14ᵗʰ–15ᵗʰ cc.] (in Ukrainian), volumes 2 (Н – Ѳ), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, page 557
  • Bulyka, A. M., editor (2009), “шесть, шестъ, шэсть”, in Гістарычны слоўнік беларускай мовы [Historical Dictionary of the Belarusian Language] (in Belarusian), numbers 29 (пристрастный – ракъ), Minsk: Belaruskaia navuka, →ISBN, page 421

Russian edit

Russian numbers (edit)
60
 ←  5 6 7  → 
    Cardinal: шесть (šestʹ)
    Ordinal: шесто́й (šestój)
    Ordinal abbreviation: 6-о́й (6-ój)
    Adverbial: ше́стью (šéstʹju)
    Multiplier: шестерно́й (šesternój), шестикра́тный (šestikrátnyj)
    Collective: ше́стеро (šéstero)
    Fractional: шеста́я (šestája), шести́на (šestína)

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *šestь.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ʂɛsʲtʲ]
  • (file)
  • (low colloquial, dialectal, or humorous) IPA(key): [ʂɛsʲ] (phonetic respelling: шесь)

Numeral edit

шесть (šestʹ)

  1. six (6)

Usage notes edit

шесть (šestʹ) in the nominative case and accusative case governs the genitive plural of the noun. In other cases, it governs the corresponding plural case of the noun.

Declension edit

Coordinate terms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit