Armenian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Armenian ապ- (ap-).

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

ապ- (ap-)

  1. a privative prefix; -less, in-, un-
    ապ- (ap-) + ‎օրենք (ōrenkʿ, law) → ‎ապօրինի (apōrini, illegal)
  2. forming the opposites of adjectives; un-
    ապ- (ap-) + ‎երջանիկ (erǰanik, happy) → ‎ապերջանիկ (aperǰanik, unhappy)
  3. appended to verbs to denote reversal, cancellation; un-, dis-, de-
    ապա- (apa-) + ‎կենտրոնանալ (kentronanal, to concentrate) → ‎ապակենտրոնանալ (apakentronanal, to deconcentrate)

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Old Armenian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Of Iranian origin. Compare Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (ʾp̄y- /⁠abē-⁠/) and Classical Persianبی(bē-), both negative prefixes.

Prefix edit

ապ- (ap-)

  1. without, -less
    հարկharktax
    ապահարկapaharkexempt from taxes
  2. appended to verbs to denote reversal, cancellation, un-, dis-, de-
    գովելgovelto praise
    ապագովելapagovelto dispraise

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Category Old Armenian terms prefixed with ապ- not found

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Armenian: ապ- (ap-)