Arabic edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Aramaicמַסְמָר(masmār), ⁧מַסְמְרָא(masmərā, pin, nail).

Cognate with Hebrewמסמר(masmér).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /mis.maːr/
  • (file)
    • (Hijazi) IPA(key): /mus.maːr/, [mʊs.maːr]

Noun edit

مِسْمَار (mismārm (pluralمَسَامِير(masāmīr))

  1. nail, pin, peg, wedge, bolt, even a screw
  2. vine pole
  3. forked tentpole
  4. as ⁧مِسْمَار اللَّحْم(mismār al-llaḥm) or ⁧مِسْمَار القَدَم(mismār al-qadam): callus
    Synonym:جُسْأَة(jusʔa)
  5. (obsolete) staphyloma
    • a. 1050, مروان بن جناح[Marwān ibn Janāḥ], edited by Gerrit Bos, Fabian Käs, كتاب التلخيص[kitāb at-talḵīṣ], Leiden: Brill, published 2020, →DOI, →ISBN, pages 753 Nr. 588 fol. 53r,4–8:
      الموسرج هو ما نتأ من الطبقة العنبية إذا انحرقت القرنية من كتاب العلل والأعراض الجالينوس، قال الرازي في الكافي: إذا كان صغيرًا فهو موسرج، وإذا كان كبيرًا فهو مسمار.
      Mūsaraj† (recte: mūrsaraj leg., lit. ‘ant’s head’) is a protrusion of the uvea occurring because of an inflammation of the cornea according to Galen’s ‘Book on Causes and Symptoms’. Al-Rāzī said in his al-Kāfī: If (this protrusion) is small, it is called mūsaraj and if it is large it is called al-mismār (staphyloma, lit. ‘nail’).

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • msmr”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 89
  • Haupt, Paul (1917), “The Disease of King Teumman of Elam”, in Journal of the Society of Oriental Research[1], volume 1, page 90, derives the Aramaic and Hebrew from Assyrian Akkadian with s₁ as first radical, but a corresponding Akkadian term seems still not attested
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “مسمار”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[2], London: W.H. Allen
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “مسمار”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 597

Ottoman Turkish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Arabicمِسْمَار(mismār, nail), itself from Aramaicמַסְמָר(masmār).

Noun edit

مسمار (mismar) (pluralمسامیر(mesamir))

  1. nail, a spike-shaped metal fastener used for joining wood or similar materials
    Synonyms:چیوی(çivi), ⁧میخ(mıh)

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

South Levantine Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicمِسْمَار(mismār). Ultimately borrowed from Aramaicמַסְמָר(masmār), ⁧מַסְמְרָא(masmərā, pin, nail).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /mus.maːr/, [mʊsˈmɑːrˤ]
  • (file)

Noun edit

مسمار (musmārm (pluralمسامير(masāmīr))

  1. nail (for carpentry)