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Ottoman TurkishEdit


Borrowed from Persian هنر (honar).


هنر (huner)

  1. science, knowledge
  2. art
  3. skill
  4. talent, merit



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From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (hwnl), 𐫍𐫇𐫗𐫡 (hwnr /hunar/, virtue, ability, skill), from Old Persian 𐎢𐎺𐎴𐎼 (ʰuvnara, talent, capability), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁su- (good) + *h₂nḗr (man; power, force, vital energy). Cognate with Old Armenian հնար (hnar, means, way) (from Iranian), Avestan 𐬵𐬎𐬥𐬀𐬭𐬀 m (hunara, skill, strength), Sanskrit सूनर (sū-nára, possessing vital strength, mighty, prosperous, beautiful).

Compare also formally identical formations in other Indo-European languages: Old Irish so-nirt, so-nairt (strong), Welsh hy-nerth (mighty), Ancient Greek εὐ-ήνωρ (eu-ḗnōr, manly).


هنر (honar) (plural هنرها (honar-hâ))

  1. (archaic) knowledge, wisdom
  2. (archaic) skill, ability
  3. art


Derived termsEdit



  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “հնար”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 104b
  • Template:R:pal:Boyce
  • Horn, Paul (1893) Grundriss der neupersischen Etymologie (in German), Strasbourg: K.J. Trübner, § 1108, pages 247–248
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 181
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “hunar”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 44
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1976) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 493
  • Nyberg, H. S. (1974) A Manual of Pahlavi, Part II: Glossary, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, page 102b
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 891
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 765