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Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compare Arabic هُمْ (hum) and Hebrew הֵם (hēm). Compare also North Levantine Arabic هنه (hinni), a Syriac substrate word.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ܗܢܘܢ (transliteration neededm pl (singular ܗܘ, singular feminine counterpart ܗܝ, plural feminine counterpart ܗܢܝܢ)

  1. (personal) they
  2. (intensive) they themselves
  3. sometimes used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notesEdit
  • As an intensive pronoun, ܗܢܘܢ must come before the noun it describes.

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ܗܢܘܢ (transliteration needed) m pl (singular ܗܘ ; feminine ܗܝ)

  1. (demonstrative) those
Usage notesEdit
  • As an attributive adjective, ܗܢܘܢ can come either before or after the noun it describes without any change in meaning.

PronounEdit

ܗܢܘܢ (transliteration neededm pl (singular ܗܘ, singular feminine counterpart ܗܝ, plural feminine counterpart ܗܢܝܢ)

  1. (demonstrative) those things, those ones
  2. used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notesEdit
  • The sense of the definite article "the" is used especially when translating Ancient Greek texts, being the equivalent of the Ancient Greek masculine plural definite article οἱ (hoi).

ReferencesEdit

  • hnwn”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Brockelmann, Carl (1895) Lexicon Syriacum (in Latin), Berlin, Edinburgh: Reuther & Reichard, T. & T. Clark
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press