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Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compare Arabic هُمْ(hum) and Hebrew הֵם(hēm). Compare also North Levantine Arabic هنه(hinni), a Syriac substrate word.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ܗܢܘܢ (transliteration neededm pl (singular ܗܘ‎, singular feminine counterpart ܗܝ‎, plural feminine counterpart ܗܢܝܢ‎)

  1. (personal) they
  2. (intensive) they themselves
  3. sometimes used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notesEdit
  • As an intensive pronoun, ܗܢܘܢ‎ must come before the noun it describes.

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ܗܢܘܢ (transliteration needed) m pl (singular ܗܘ ; feminine ܗܝ)

  1. (demonstrative) those
Usage notesEdit
  • As an attributive adjective, ܗܢܘܢ‎ can come either before or after the noun it describes without any change in meaning.

PronounEdit

ܗܢܘܢ (transliteration neededm pl (singular ܗܘ‎, singular feminine counterpart ܗܝ‎, plural feminine counterpart ܗܢܝܢ‎)

  1. (demonstrative) those things, those ones
  2. used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notesEdit
  • The sense of the definite article "the" is used especially when translating Ancient Greek texts, being the equivalent of the Ancient Greek masculine plural definite article οἱ (hoi).

ReferencesEdit

  • hnwn”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Brockelmann, Carl (1895) Lexicon Syriacum (in Latin), Berlin, Edinburgh: Reuther & Reichard, T. & T. Clark
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press