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Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compare Arabic هُوَ (huwa) and Hebrew הוּא (hûʾ).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ܗܘ (m (plural ܗܢܘܢ, feminine singular ܗܝ, feminine plural ܗܢܝܢ)

  1. (personal) he, it
  2. (intensive) he himself, it itself
  3. sometimes used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notesEdit
  • Syriac does not have a neuter gender. The sense of "it" comes when translating Syriac inanimate nouns that are grammatically masculine into English inanimate nouns that are usually neuter.
  • As an intensive pronoun, ܗܘ () must come before the noun it describes.

Etymology 2Edit

Modified from above, with the initial consonant quiescing.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [-(ʔ)u] (after a word ending in a consonant)
  • IPA(key): [-w] (after a word ending in a vowel, forming a diphthong)

PronounEdit

ܗܘ ([h]ū, -wm (plural ܐܢܘܢ, feminine singular ܗܝ, feminine plural ܐܢܝܢ)

  1. an enclitic used as a copula for a third-person singular masculine subject; he is, it is
  2. (with a preceding first- or second-person singular pronoun) an enclitic used as a copula for a singular masculine subject; (I) am, (you) are
Usage notesEdit
  • Usually, the form ܗܘ ([h]ū) is written separately from the word it follows while the alternative form (-w) is written together with the word it follows.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ܗܘ (hāwm (plural ܗܢܘܢ, singular feminine counterpart ܗܝ, plural feminine counterpart ܗܢܝܢ)

  1. (demonstrative) that
Usage notesEdit
  • As an attributive adjective, ܗܘ (hāw) can come either before or after the noun it describes without any change in meaning.

PronounEdit

ܗܘ (hāwm (plural ܗܢܘܢ, feminine singular ܗܝ, feminine plural ܗܢܝܢ)

  1. (demonstrative) that thing, that one
  2. used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notesEdit
  • The sense of the definite article "the" is used especially when translating Ancient Greek texts, being the equivalent of the Ancient Greek masculine singular definite article (ho).

ReferencesEdit

  • hw”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2011-06-16
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 74a-b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 100b-101a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 333a