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Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compare Arabic هُنّ (hunna) and Hebrew הֵן (hēn).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ܗܢܝܢ (transliteration neededf pl (singular ܗܝ, singular masculine counterpart ܗܘ, plural masculine counterpart ܗܢܘܢ)

  1. (personal) they
  2. (intensive) they themselves
  3. sometimes used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notesEdit
  • As an intensive pronoun, ܗܢܝܢ must come before the noun it describes.

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ܗܢܝܢ (transliteration needed) f pl (singular ܗܝ ; masculine ܗܘ)

  1. (demonstrative) those
Usage notesEdit
  • As an attributive adjective, ܗܢܝܢ can come either before or after the noun it describes without any change in meaning.

PronounEdit

ܗܢܝܢ (transliteration neededf pl (singular ܗܝ, singular masculine counterpart ܗܘ, plural masculine counterpart ܗܢܘܢ)

  1. (demonstrative) those things, those ones
  2. used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notesEdit
  • The sense of the definite article "the" is used especially when translating Ancient Greek texts, being the equivalent of the Ancient Greek feminine plural definite article αἱ (hai).

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ܗܢܝܢ (transliteration needed)

  1. absolute singular of ܗܢܝܢܐ
  2. construct singular of ܗܢܝܢܐ

ReferencesEdit

  • hnyn”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Brockelmann, Carl (1895) Lexicon Syriacum (in Latin), Berlin, Edinburgh: Reuther & Reichard, T. & T. Clark
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press