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Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compare Arabic هِيَ (hiya) and Hebrew הִיא (hîʾ).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ܗܝ (f (plural ܗܢܝܢ, masculine singular ܗܘ, masculine plural ܗܢܘܢ)

  1. (personal) she, it
  2. (intensive) she herself, it itself
  3. sometimes used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notesEdit
  • Syriac does not have a neuter gender. The sense of "it" comes when translating Syriac inanimate nouns that are grammatically feminine into English inanimate nouns that are usually neuter.
  • As an intensive pronoun, ܗܝ () must come before the noun it describes.

Etymology 2Edit

Modified from above, with the initial consonant quiescing.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [-(ʔ)i] (after a word ending in a consonant)
  • IPA(key): [-j] (after a word ending in a vowel, forming a diphthong)

PronounEdit

ܗܝ ([h]ī, -yf (plural ܐܢܝܢ, feminine singular ܗܘ, feminine plural ܐܢܘܢ)

  1. an enclitic used as a copula for a third-person singular feminine subject; she is, it is
  2. (with a preceding first- or second-person singular pronoun) an enclitic used as a copula for a singular feminine subject; (I) am, (you) are
Usage notesEdit
  • Usually, the form ܗܝ ([h]ī) is written separately from the word it follows while the alternative form (-y) is written together with the word it follows.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ܗܝ (hāyf (plural ܗܢܝܢ, singular masculine counterpart ܗܘ, plural masculine counterpart ܗܢܘܢ)

  1. (demonstrative) that
Usage notesEdit
  • As an attributive adjective, ܗܝ (hāy) can come either before or after the noun it describes without any change in meaning.

PronounEdit

ܗܝ (hāyf (plural ܗܢܝܢ, masculine singular ܗܘ, masculine plural ܗܢܘܢ)

  1. (demonstrative) that thing, that one
  2. used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notesEdit
  • The sense of the definite article "the" is used especially when translating Ancient Greek texts, being the equivalent of the Ancient Greek feminine singular definite article ().

ReferencesEdit

  • hy”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2011-06-11
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 74a-b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 103a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 339b