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Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compare Arabic هِيَ(hiya) and Hebrew הִיא(hîʾ).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ܗܝ (f (plural ܗܢܝܢ‎, masculine singular ܗܘ‎, masculine plural ܗܢܘܢ‎)

  1. (personal) she, it
  2. (intensive) she herself, it itself
  3. sometimes used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notesEdit
  • Syriac does not have a neuter gender. The sense of "it" comes when translating Syriac inanimate nouns that are grammatically feminine into English inanimate nouns that are usually neuter.
  • As an intensive pronoun, ܗܝ() must come before the noun it describes.

Etymology 2Edit

Modified from above, with the initial consonant quiescing.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [-(ʔ)i] (after a word ending in a consonant)
  • IPA(key): [-j] (after a word ending in a vowel, forming a diphthong)

PronounEdit

ܗܝ ([h]ī, -yf (plural ܐܢܝܢ‎, feminine singular ܗܘ‎, feminine plural ܐܢܘܢ‎)

  1. an enclitic used as a copula for a third-person singular feminine subject; she is, it is
  2. (with a preceding first- or second-person singular pronoun) an enclitic used as a copula for a singular feminine subject; (I) am, (you) are
Usage notesEdit
  • Usually, the form ܗܝ([h]ī) is written separately from the word it follows while the alternative form (-y) is written together with the word it follows.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ܗܝ (hāyf (plural ܗܢܝܢ‎, singular masculine counterpart ܗܘ‎, plural masculine counterpart ܗܢܘܢ‎)

  1. (demonstrative) that
Usage notesEdit
  • As an attributive adjective, ܗܝ(hāy) can come either before or after the noun it describes without any change in meaning.

PronounEdit

ܗܝ (hāyf (plural ܗܢܝܢ‎, masculine singular ܗܘ‎, masculine plural ܗܢܘܢ‎)

  1. (demonstrative) that thing, that one
  2. used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notesEdit
  • The sense of the definite article "the" is used especially when translating Ancient Greek texts, being the equivalent of the Ancient Greek feminine singular definite article ().

ReferencesEdit

  • hy”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2011-06-11
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 74a-b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 103a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 339b