Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit अर्जुन (arjuna).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

अर्जुन (arjunm

  1. A male given name, equivalent to English Arjun
  2. Arjuna (the third of the Pandava princes, in the epic Mahabharata, the son of Kunti and Indra, famed for being an excellent archer)

SanskritEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hárȷ́unas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hárĵunas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵ- (white, shining).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɐ́ɽ.d͡ʑu.n̪ɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɐɽ.d͡ʑu.n̪ɐ/
  • AdjectiveEdit

    अर्जुन (árjuna)

    1. white, clear
    2. made of silver

    NounEdit

    अर्जुन (árjunam

    1. the white colour
    2. peacock
    3. cutaneous disease
    4. the tree Terminalia arjuna
    5. the only son of his mother

    DeclensionEdit

    Masculine a-stem declension of अर्जुन
    Nom. sg. अर्जुनः (arjunaḥ)
    Gen. sg. अर्जुनस्य (arjunasya)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative अर्जुनः (arjunaḥ) अर्जुनौ (arjunau) अर्जुनाः (arjunāḥ)
    Vocative अर्जुन (arjuna) अर्जुनौ (arjunau) अर्जुनाः (arjunāḥ)
    Accusative अर्जुनम् (arjunam) अर्जुनौ (arjunau) अर्जुनान् (arjunān)
    Instrumental अर्जुनेन (arjunena) अर्जुनाभ्याम् (arjunābhyām) अर्जुनैः (arjunaiḥ)
    Dative अर्जुनाय (arjunāya) अर्जुनाभ्याम् (arjunābhyām) अर्जुनेभ्यः (arjunebhyaḥ)
    Ablative अर्जुनात् (arjunāt) अर्जुनाभ्याम् (arjunābhyām) अर्जुनेभ्यः (arjunebhyaḥ)
    Genitive अर्जुनस्य (arjunasya) अर्जुनयोः (arjunayoḥ) अर्जुनानाम् (arjunānām)
    Locative अर्जुने (arjune) अर्जुनयोः (arjunayoḥ) अर्जुनेषु (arjuneṣu)

    Etymology 2Edit

    From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hárȷ́unam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hárĵunam, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵ- (white, shining).

    NounEdit

    अर्जुन (árjunan

    1. silver
    2. gold
    3. slight inflammation of the conjunctiva or white of the eye
    4. (botany) a particular grass
    5. shape
    6. (plural) the descendants of Arjuna

    DeclensionEdit

    Neuter a-stem declension of अर्जुन
    Nom. sg. अर्जुनम् (arjunam)
    Gen. sg. अर्जुनस्य (arjunasya)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative अर्जुनम् (arjunam) अर्जुने (arjune) अर्जुनानि (arjunāni)
    Vocative अर्जुन (arjuna) अर्जुने (arjune) अर्जुनानि (arjunāni)
    Accusative अर्जुनम् (arjunam) अर्जुने (arjune) अर्जुनानि (arjunāni)
    Instrumental अर्जुनेन (arjunena) अर्जुनाभ्याम् (arjunābhyām) अर्जुनैः (arjunaiḥ)
    Dative अर्जुनाय (arjunāya) अर्जुनाभ्याम् (arjunābhyām) अर्जुनेभ्यः (arjunebhyaḥ)
    Ablative अर्जुनात् (arjunāt) अर्जुनाभ्याम् (arjunābhyām) अर्जुनेभ्यः (arjunebhyaḥ)
    Genitive अर्जुनस्य (arjunasya) अर्जुनयोः (arjunayoḥ) अर्जुनानाम् (arjunānām)
    Locative अर्जुने (arjune) अर्जुनयोः (arjunayoḥ) अर्जुनेषु (arjuneṣu)


    Proper nounEdit

    अर्जुन (Árjuna)

    1. Name of the third of the Pandava princes (who was a son of Indra and Kunti) in Mahabharata.
    2. A male given name commonly used in India.

    ReferencesEdit

    • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 90