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See also: ίππος

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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Hellenic *íkkʷos (compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀂𐀦 (i-qo)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos, from *h₁oh₁ḱu- (swift). Unexplained is (hi) for (e). Cognates include Sanskrit अश्व (áśva), Latin equus, Gaulish epos, Old Armenian էշ (ēš, donkey) and Old English eoh.

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

ῐ̔́ππος (hípposm or f (genitive ῐ̔́ππου); second declension (Epic, Attic, Ionic, Doric, Koine)

  1. a horse, (feminine) a mare
  2. (feminine) cavalry, horsemen

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • When used as a collective noun ("horse, cavalry"), this word is always feminine singular, even with numerals.
    460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 7.41:
    μετὰ δὲ ἵππος ἄλλη χιλίη ἐκ Περσέων ἀπολελεγμένη
    metà dè híppos állē khilíē ek Perséōn apolelegménē
    and after them came another thousand horsemen chosen out from the Persians

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit