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HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Related to Punjabi ਇਸ (is, es) and Sanskrit यस् (yas), from Proto-Indo-Aryan [Term?], from Proto-Indo-Iranian *is, *yas (this), from Proto-Indo-European *ís. Compare जो (jo). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

इस (is) (Urdu spelling اس‎) (demonstrative) (plural: इन (in))

  1. this - oblique case only, see below for direct.
    इस मकान में छह कमरे है
    is makān mẽ chah kamre hai
    In this house there are six rooms
  2. him - oblique case only, near reference. (If respect is conveyed, इन (in) is used)
    इसको पैसे दे दो
    isko paise de do
    Give money to him
  3. her - oblique case only, near reference. (If respect is conveyed, इन (in) is used)
    इसको पैसे दे दो
    isko paise de do
    Give money to her
  4. it - oblique case only.
    इस लो
    is lo
    Take it

InflectionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “इस”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “इस”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.