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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit गृह (gṛhá), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gʰr̥dʰás, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥dʰós, from *gʰerdʰ- (to enclose).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

गृह (gŕhm (Urdu spelling گرہ)

  1. house, dwelling, habitation
    Synonyms: घर (ghar), मकान (makān), भवन (bhavan)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of गृह
Singular Plural
Direct गृह (gŕh) गृह (gŕh)
Oblique गृह (gŕh) गृहों (gŕhõ)
Vocative गृह (gŕh) गृहो (gŕho)

ReferencesEdit


SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *gʰr̥dʰás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gʰr̥dʰás, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥dʰós, from *gʰerdʰ- (to enclose).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɡr̩.ɦɐ́/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɡr̩.ɦɐ/
  • NounEdit

    गृह (gṛhám, n

    1. a house, habitation, home
      मृन्-मय गृहmṛn-máya gṛháhouse of earth, grave
      अधराद् गृहadharā́d gṛháthe lower world
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.49.1d
        उषो भद्रेभिरा गहि दिवश्चिद रोचनादधि ।
        वहन्त्वरुणप्सव उप तवा सोमिनो गर्हम
        uṣo bhadrebhirā gahi divaścida rocanādadhi .
        vahantvaruṇapsava upa tavā somino garhama .
        E'EN from above the sky's bright realm come, Uṣas, by auspicious ways:
        Let red steeds bear thee to the house of him who pours the Soma, juice.
    2. assistant, servant
    3. the inhabitants of a house, family
      1. wife; householder
    4. (at the end of a compound, with names of gods) a temple
      चण्डिकागृहcaṇḍikāgṛhaa temple of Durgā
      देवतागृहdevatāgṛhatemple, chapel
    5. (at the end of a compound, with name of plants) a bower

    DeclensionEdit

    Masculine a-stem declension of गृह (gṛhá)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative गृहः
    gṛháḥ
    गृहौ
    gṛhaú
    गृहाः / गृहासः¹
    gṛhā́ḥ / gṛhā́saḥ¹
    Vocative गृह
    gṛ́ha
    गृहौ
    gṛ́hau
    गृहाः / गृहासः¹
    gṛ́hāḥ / gṛ́hāsaḥ¹
    Accusative गृहम्
    gṛhám
    गृहौ
    gṛhaú
    गृहान्
    gṛhā́n
    Instrumental गृहेण
    gṛhéṇa
    गृहाभ्याम्
    gṛhā́bhyām
    गृहैः / गृहेभिः¹
    gṛhaíḥ / gṛhébhiḥ¹
    Dative गृहाय
    gṛhā́ya
    गृहाभ्याम्
    gṛhā́bhyām
    गृहेभ्यः
    gṛhébhyaḥ
    Ablative गृहात्
    gṛhā́t
    गृहाभ्याम्
    gṛhā́bhyām
    गृहेभ्यः
    gṛhébhyaḥ
    Genitive गृहस्य
    gṛhásya
    गृहयोः
    gṛháyoḥ
    गृहाणाम्
    gṛhā́ṇām
    Locative गृहे
    gṛhé
    गृहयोः
    gṛháyoḥ
    गृहेषु
    gṛhéṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic
    • In later Sanskrit only the plural forms of the masculine were used.
    Neuter a-stem declension of गृह (gṛhá)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative गृहम्
    gṛhám
    गृहे
    gṛhé
    गृहाणि / गृहा¹
    gṛhā́ṇi / gṛhā́¹
    Vocative गृह
    gṛ́ha
    गृहे
    gṛ́he
    गृहाणि / गृहा¹
    gṛ́hāṇi / gṛ́hā¹
    Accusative गृहम्
    gṛhám
    गृहे
    gṛhé
    गृहाणि / गृहा¹
    gṛhā́ṇi / gṛhā́¹
    Instrumental गृहेण
    gṛhéṇa
    गृहाभ्याम्
    gṛhā́bhyām
    गृहैः / गृहेभिः¹
    gṛhaíḥ / gṛhébhiḥ¹
    Dative गृहाय
    gṛhā́ya
    गृहाभ्याम्
    gṛhā́bhyām
    गृहेभ्यः
    gṛhébhyaḥ
    Ablative गृहात्
    gṛhā́t
    गृहाभ्याम्
    gṛhā́bhyām
    गृहेभ्यः
    gṛhébhyaḥ
    Genitive गृहस्य
    gṛhásya
    गृहयोः
    gṛháyoḥ
    गृहाणाम्
    gṛhā́ṇām
    Locative गृहे
    gṛhé
    गृहयोः
    gṛháyoḥ
    गृहेषु
    gṛhéṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic
    • Used only in the sense "house".

    NounEdit

    गृह (gṛhán

    1. wife
    2. zodiac sign
    3. an astrological mansion
    4. name of the 4th astrological mansion
    5. (chess) square

    DeclensionEdit

    Neuter a-stem declension of गृह (gṛhá)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative गृहम्
    gṛhám
    गृहे
    gṛhé
    गृहाणि / गृहा¹
    gṛhā́ṇi / gṛhā́¹
    Vocative गृह
    gṛ́ha
    गृहे
    gṛ́he
    गृहाणि / गृहा¹
    gṛ́hāṇi / gṛ́hā¹
    Accusative गृहम्
    gṛhám
    गृहे
    gṛhé
    गृहाणि / गृहा¹
    gṛhā́ṇi / gṛhā́¹
    Instrumental गृहेण
    gṛhéṇa
    गृहाभ्याम्
    gṛhā́bhyām
    गृहैः / गृहेभिः¹
    gṛhaíḥ / gṛhébhiḥ¹
    Dative गृहाय
    gṛhā́ya
    गृहाभ्याम्
    gṛhā́bhyām
    गृहेभ्यः
    gṛhébhyaḥ
    Ablative गृहात्
    gṛhā́t
    गृहाभ्याम्
    gṛhā́bhyām
    गृहेभ्यः
    gṛhébhyaḥ
    Genitive गृहस्य
    gṛhásya
    गृहयोः
    gṛháyoḥ
    गृहाणाम्
    gṛhā́ṇām
    Locative गृहे
    gṛhé
    गृहयोः
    gṛháyoḥ
    गृहेषु
    gṛhéṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0361