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HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit गृह (gṛhá), from Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥dʰó, from *ǵʰortós.

NounEdit

गृह (gṛham (Urdu spelling گرہ)

  1. house
  2. dwelling
  3. habitation
  4. family

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥dʰó, from *ǵʰortós.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

गृह (gṛhám

  1. assistant, servant
  2. (m singular and pl., in later language m pl. and n singular) a house, habitation, home
    mṛn-máya gṛhá — house of earth, grave
    adharā́d gṛhá — the lower world
    • RV 1.49.1d
      उषो भद्रेभिरा गहि दिवश्चिद रोचनादधि |
      वहन्त्वरुणप्सव उप तवा सोमिनो गर्हम ||
      uṣo bhadrebhirā ghahi divaścid rocanādadhi |
      vahantvaruṇapsava upa tvā somino gṛham ||
      E'EN from above the sky's bright realm come, Uṣas, by auspicious ways:
      Let red steeds bear thee to the house of him who pours the Soma, juice.
  3. (at the end of a compound, with names of gods) a temple
    चण्डिकागृह (caṇḍikā-gṛha)a temple of Durgā
    देवतागृह (devatā-gṛha)temple, chapel
  4. (at the end of a compound, with name of plants) a bower
  5. (in the plural) a house as containing several rooms
  6. the inhabitants of a house, family
  7. wife
  8. householder

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of गृह
Nom. sg. गृहः (gṛhaḥ)
Gen. sg. गृहस्य (gṛhasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गृहः (gṛhaḥ) गृहौ (gṛhau) गृहाः (gṛhāḥ)
Vocative गृह (gṛha) गृहौ (gṛhau) गृहाः (gṛhāḥ)
Accusative गृहम् (gṛham) गृहौ (gṛhau) गृहान् (gṛhān)
Instrumental गृहेण (gṛheṇa) गृहाभ्याम् (gṛhābhyām) गृहैः (gṛhaiḥ)
Dative गृहाय (gṛhāya) गृहाभ्याम् (gṛhābhyām) गृहेभ्यः (gṛhebhyaḥ)
Ablative गृहात् (gṛhāt) गृहाभ्याम् (gṛhābhyām) गृहेभ्यः (gṛhebhyaḥ)
Genitive गृहस्य (gṛhasya) गृहयोः (gṛhayoḥ) गृहाणाम् (gṛhāṇām)
Locative गृहे (gṛhe) गृहयोः (gṛhayoḥ) गृहेषु (gṛheṣu)

NounEdit

गृह (gṛhán

  1. wife
  2. zodiac sign
  3. an astrological mansion
  4. name of the 4th astrological mansion
  5. square (in chess or in any similar game)
  6. name, appellation

DeclensionEdit

Neuter a-stem declension of गृह
Nom. sg. गृहम् (gṛham)
Gen. sg. गृहस्य (gṛhasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गृहम् (gṛham) गृहे (gṛhe) गृहाणि (gṛhāṇi)
Vocative गृह (gṛha) गृहे (gṛhe) गृहाणि (gṛhāṇi)
Accusative गृहम् (gṛham) गृहे (gṛhe) गृहाणि (gṛhāṇi)
Instrumental गृहेण (gṛheṇa) गृहाभ्याम् (gṛhābhyām) गृहैः (gṛhaiḥ)
Dative गृहा (gṛhā) गृहाभ्याम् (gṛhābhyām) गृहेभ्यः (gṛhebhyaḥ)
Ablative गृहात् (gṛhāt) गृहाभ्याम् (gṛhābhyām) गृहेभ्यः (gṛhebhyaḥ)
Genitive गृहस्य (gṛhasya) गृहयोः (gṛhayoḥ) गृहाणाम् (gṛhāṇām)
Locative गृहे (gṛhe) गृहयोः (gṛhayoḥ) गृहेषु (gṛheṣu)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0361