Hindi

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Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Sanskrit चक्र (cakra). Doublet of चक्कर (cakkar) and चरख़ा (carxā).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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चक्र (cakram (Urdu spelling چکر)

  1. circle, ring
  2. wheel
  3. cycle; sequence, progression
    जल चक्रjal cakrawater cycle
  4. (historical) chakram (an old Indian coin from Travancore)

Declension

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Synonyms

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Derived terms

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References

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Sanskrit

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Alternative scripts

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ćakrám, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *čakrám, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷékʷlos (circle, wheel). Cognate with Avestan 𐬗𐬀𐬑𐬭𐬀 (caxra, wheel), Persian چرخ (čarx), Old Church Slavonic коло (kolo), Lithuanian kãklas, Tocharian B kokale, Ancient Greek κύκλος (kúklos), Latin colus, Old English hwēol (whence English wheel).

Noun

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चक्र (cakrá) stemn or m

  1. the wheel (of a carriage, of the Sun's chariot, of Time)[1]
  2. a potter's wheel (ShBr.)[1]
  3. a discus or sharp circular missile weapon, especially that of Vishnu[1]
  4. a circle (Puranic)[1]
  5. an astronomical circle, the zodiac[1]
  6. a mystical circle or diagram[1]
  7. a cycle, cycle of years or of seasons[1]
  8. a circle or depression of the body (for mystical or chiromantic purposes; 6 in number, one above the other), the fontenelle or union of the coronal and sagittal sutures[1]
  9. (prosody) name of a poetic metre[1]
  10. a troop, multitude[1]
Declension
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Neuter a-stem declension of चक्र (cakrá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चक्रम्
cakrám
चक्रे
cakré
चक्राणि / चक्रा¹
cakrā́ṇi / cakrā́¹
Vocative चक्र
cákra
चक्रे
cákre
चक्राणि / चक्रा¹
cákrāṇi / cákrā¹
Accusative चक्रम्
cakrám
चक्रे
cakré
चक्राणि / चक्रा¹
cakrā́ṇi / cakrā́¹
Instrumental चक्रेण
cakréṇa
चक्राभ्याम्
cakrā́bhyām
चक्रैः / चक्रेभिः¹
cakraíḥ / cakrébhiḥ¹
Dative चक्राय
cakrā́ya
चक्राभ्याम्
cakrā́bhyām
चक्रेभ्यः
cakrébhyaḥ
Ablative चक्रात्
cakrā́t
चक्राभ्याम्
cakrā́bhyām
चक्रेभ्यः
cakrébhyaḥ
Genitive चक्रस्य
cakrásya
चक्रयोः
cakráyoḥ
चक्राणाम्
cakrā́ṇām
Locative चक्रे
cakré
चक्रयोः
cakráyoḥ
चक्रेषु
cakréṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Masculine a-stem declension of चक्र (cakrá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चक्रः
cakráḥ
चक्रौ / चक्रा¹
cakraú / cakrā́¹
चक्राः / चक्रासः¹
cakrā́ḥ / cakrā́saḥ¹
Vocative चक्र
cákra
चक्रौ / चक्रा¹
cákrau / cákrā¹
चक्राः / चक्रासः¹
cákrāḥ / cákrāsaḥ¹
Accusative चक्रम्
cakrám
चक्रौ / चक्रा¹
cakraú / cakrā́¹
चक्रान्
cakrā́n
Instrumental चक्रेण
cakréṇa
चक्राभ्याम्
cakrā́bhyām
चक्रैः / चक्रेभिः¹
cakraíḥ / cakrébhiḥ¹
Dative चक्राय
cakrā́ya
चक्राभ्याम्
cakrā́bhyām
चक्रेभ्यः
cakrébhyaḥ
Ablative चक्रात्
cakrā́t
चक्राभ्याम्
cakrā́bhyām
चक्रेभ्यः
cakrébhyaḥ
Genitive चक्रस्य
cakrásya
चक्रयोः
cakráyoḥ
चक्राणाम्
cakrā́ṇām
Locative चक्रे
cakré
चक्रयोः
cakráyoḥ
चक्रेषु
cakréṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Derived terms
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Descendants
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Etymology 2

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Verb form

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चक्र (cakrá)

  1. second-person plural active of चकार (cakāra), perfect of कृ (kṛ)

References

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  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 Monier Williams (1899) “चक्र”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 0380.