From Proto-Indo-European *témHos ‎(darkness), from *temH-. Cognates include Avestan 𐬙𐬆𐬨𐬀𐬵 ‎(tǝmah), Persian تم ‎(tam, cataract) and Latin temere ‎(blindly).


तमस् ‎(támasn

  1. darkness, gloom (also in plural)
    तमः प्रणीत ‎(tamaḥ práṇīta) — "led into darkness", deprived of the eye's light or sight
  2. the darkness of hell, hell or a particular division of hell
  3. the obscuration of the sun or moon in eclipses, attributed to Rahu
  4. mental darkness, ignorance, illusion, error
  5. one of the 3 qualities or constituents of everything in creation (the cause of heaviness, ignorance, illusion, lust, anger, pride, sorrow, dullness, and stolidity)
  6. sin
  7. sorrow
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