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See also: तामस

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SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *támas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *támas, from Proto-Indo-European *témH-os, from *temH- (dark). Cognate with Avestan 𐬙𐬆𐬨𐬀𐬵(təmah), Persian تم(tam, cataract), Latin temere (blindly).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

तमस् (támasn

  1. darkness, gloom (also in plural)
    तमः प्रणीत (támaḥ práṇīta)"led into darkness", deprived of the eye's light or sight
  2. the darkness of hell, hell or a particular division of hell
  3. the obscuration of the sun or moon in eclipses, attributed to Rahu
  4. mental darkness, ignorance, illusion, error
  5. tamas, one of the three qualities or constituents of everything in creation (the cause of heaviness, ignorance, illusion, lust, anger, pride, sorrow, dullness, and stolidity)
  6. sin
  7. sorrow

DeclensionEdit

Neuter as-stem declension of तमस् (támas)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तमः
támaḥ
तमसी
támasī
तमांसि
támāṃsi
Vocative तमः
támaḥ
तमसी
támasī
तमांसि
támāṃsi
Accusative तमः
támaḥ
तमसी
támasī
तमांसि
támāṃsi
Instrumental तमसा
támasā
तमोभ्याम्
támobhyām
तमोभिः
támobhiḥ
Dative तमसे
támase
तमोभ्याम्
támobhyām
तमोभ्यः
támobhyaḥ
Ablative तमसः
támasaḥ
तमोभ्याम्
támobhyām
तमोभ्यः
támobhyaḥ
Genitive तमसः
támasaḥ
तमसोः
támasoḥ
तमसाम्
támasām
Locative तमसि
támasi
तमसोः
támasoḥ
तमःसु
támaḥsu

Borrowed termsEdit