English

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Etymology

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From Latin cōnstituēns, present participle of cōnstituō (I establish), from com- (together) + statuo (I set, place, establish); see statute or statue, and compare institute and restitute.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /kənˈstɪtjuənt/, /kənˈstɪt͡ʃuənt/
  • Audio (UK):(file)
  • Audio (US):(file)
 
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Adjective

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constituent (not comparable)

  1. being a part, or component of a whole
    • 1695, C[harles] A[lphonse] du Fresnoy, translated by John Dryden, De Arte Graphica. The Art of Painting, [], London: [] J[ohn] Heptinstall for W. Rogers, [], →OCLC:
      Body, soul, and reason are the three parts necessarily constituent of a man.
  2. constitutive or constituting; (politics) authorized to make a constitution
    the Constituent Assembly
    • 1769, Junius, letter on 19 December, 1769, (part of Letters of Junius)
      A question of right arises between the constituent and representative body.
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Translations

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Noun

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constituent (plural constituents)

  1. A part, or component of a whole
    • 1865, John Tyndall, The Constitution of the Universe, published 1869, page 11:
      We know how to bring these constituents together, and to cause them to form water.
  2. A person or thing which constitutes, determines, or constructs
    • a. 1677 (date written), Matthew Hale, The Primitive Origination of Mankind, Considered and Examined According to the Light of Nature, London: [] William Godbid, for William Shrowsbery, [], published 1677, →OCLC:
      whose first composure and origination requires a higher and nobler Constituent than either Chance or the ordinary method of meer Natural causes.
  3. A resident of an area represented by an elected official, particularly in relation to that official.
    • 1849–1861, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter 25, in The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, volumes (please specify |volume=I to V), London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, →OCLC:
      To appeal from the representatives to the constituents.
    • 2012 April 19, Josh Halliday, “Free speech haven or lawless cesspool – can the internet be civilised?”, in the Guardian[1]:
      But the purported rise in violent videos online has led some MPs to campaign for courts to have more power to remove or block material on YouTube. The Labour MP Heidi Alexander said she was appalled after a constituent was robbed at knifepoint, and the attackers could be found brandishing weapons and rapping about gang violence online.
  4. A voter who supports a (political) candidate; a supporter of a cause.
  5. (law) One who appoints another to act for him as attorney in fact[1]
  6. (grammar) A functional element of a phrase or clause
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 65:
      Thus, the postulation of a Noun Phrase constituent is justified on morphological grounds, since it is not obvious how we could describe the grammar of the genitive s inflection in English without saying that it's a Noun Phrase inflection.

Derived terms

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terms derived from adjective or noun (unsorted)
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Translations

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See also

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Further reading

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  1. ^ Alexander M[ansfield] Burrill (1850–1851) “CONSTITUENT”, in A New Law Dictionary and Glossary: [], volumes (please specify |part= or |volume=I or II), New York, N.Y.: John S. Voorhies, [], →OCLC.

Catalan

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin cōnstituentem.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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constituent m or f (masculine and feminine plural constituents)

  1. constituent (being a part of a whole)
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Further reading

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French

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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constituent

  1. third-person plural present/subjunctive of constituer

Latin

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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cōnstituent

  1. third-person plural future active indicative of cōnstituō

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French constituant.

Noun

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constituent n (plural constituenți)

  1. constituent

Declension

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