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HindiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit दुःख (duḥkha).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /d̪ʊkʰ/
  • (extremely formal, especially in religious contexts) IPA(key): /d̪ʊʰkʰ/, /d̪ʊʰkʰə/

NounEdit

दुःख (duḥkhm (Urdu spelling دکھ)

  1. sorrow, grief, sadness
    तुम्हारा दुःख मित्र के साथ बाँटना चाहिए।
    tumhārā duḥkh mitra ke sāth bā̃ṭnā cāhie.
    You should share your sorrows with friends.
    Synonyms: ग़म (ġam), उदासी (udāsī)
  2. suffering, distress
    उसने जीवन में बहुत दुःख उठाया।
    usne jīvan mẽ bahut duḥkh uṭhāyā.
    He has endured much suffering in his life.
    Synonym: कष्ट (kaṣṭ)
    Antonym: सुख (sukh)

ReferencesEdit

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “दुःख”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably a Prakrit form of earlier दुःस्थ (duḥstha, poor), from दुस्- (dus-, bad) +‎ स्था (sthā, to stand).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

दुःख (duḥkhán

  1. sorrow, distress, suffering, grief, misery, uneasiness, pain

DescendantsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

दुःख (duḥkhá)

  1. painful, uncomfortable, uneasy, difficult