Hindi

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Sanskrit दुःख (duḥkha).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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दुःख (duḥkhm (Urdu spelling دکھ)

  1. sorrow, grief, sadness
    Synonyms: ग़म (ġam), उदासी (udāsī)
    अपना दुःख मित्र के साथ बाँटना चाहिए।
    apnā duḥkh mitra ke sāth bā̃ṭnā cāhie.
    You should share your sorrows with friends.
  2. suffering, distress
    Synonym: कष्ट (kaṣṭ)
    Antonym: सुख (sukh)
    उसने जीवन में बहुत दुःख उठाया।
    usne jīvan mẽ bahut duḥkh uṭhāyā.
    He has endured much suffering in his life.

Declension

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References

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  • Bahri, Hardev (1989) “दुःख”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons.

Nepali

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Sanskrit दुःख (duḥkha).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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दुःख (duḥkha)

  1. sorrow, grief, sadness
  2. suffering, distress
    Synonyms: वेदना (vedanā), कष्ट (kaṣṭa), क्लेश (kleś)
    Antonym: सुख (sukha)
  3. trouble, hardship
    Synonym: तकलीफ (taklīph)
  4. shortage, need

References

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  • दुःख”, in नेपाली बृहत् शब्दकोश (nepālī br̥hat śabdakoś) [Comprehensive Nepali Dictionary]‎[1], Kathmandu: Nepal Academy, 2018
  • Schmidt, Ruth L. (1993) “दुःख”, in A Practical Dictionary of Modern Nepali, Ratna Sagar

Sanskrit

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Alternative forms

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Alternative scripts

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Etymology

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Probably reborrowed from a Prakrit form of earlier दुःस्थ (duḥstha, poor), from दुस्- (dus-) +‎ स्थ (stha).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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दुःख (duḥkhá) stemn

  1. sorrow, distress, suffering, grief, misery, uneasiness, pain

Declension

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Neuter a-stem declension of दुःख (duḥkhá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative दुःखम्
duḥkhám
दुःखे
duḥkhé
दुःखानि / दुःखा¹
duḥkhā́ni / duḥkhā́¹
Vocative दुःख
dúḥkha
दुःखे
dúḥkhe
दुःखानि / दुःखा¹
dúḥkhāni / dúḥkhā¹
Accusative दुःखम्
duḥkhám
दुःखे
duḥkhé
दुःखानि / दुःखा¹
duḥkhā́ni / duḥkhā́¹
Instrumental दुःखेन
duḥkhéna
दुःखाभ्याम्
duḥkhā́bhyām
दुःखैः / दुःखेभिः¹
duḥkhaíḥ / duḥkhébhiḥ¹
Dative दुःखाय
duḥkhā́ya
दुःखाभ्याम्
duḥkhā́bhyām
दुःखेभ्यः
duḥkhébhyaḥ
Ablative दुःखात्
duḥkhā́t
दुःखाभ्याम्
duḥkhā́bhyām
दुःखेभ्यः
duḥkhébhyaḥ
Genitive दुःखस्य
duḥkhásya
दुःखयोः
duḥkháyoḥ
दुःखानाम्
duḥkhā́nām
Locative दुःखे
duḥkhé
दुःखयोः
duḥkháyoḥ
दुःखेषु
duḥkhéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants

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Adjective

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दुःख (duḥkhá)

  1. painful, uncomfortable, uneasy, difficult