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HindiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit दुःख (duḥkha).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /d̪ʊkʰ/
  • (extremely formal, especially in religious contexts) IPA(key): /d̪ʊʰkʰ/, /d̪ʊʰkʰə/

NounEdit

दुःख (duḥkhm (Urdu spelling دکھ‎)

  1. sorrow, grief, sadness
    तुम्हारा दुःख मित्र के साथ बाँटना चाहिए।
    tumhārā duḥkh mitra ke sāth bā̃ṭnā cāhie.
    You should share your sorrows with friends.
    Synonyms: ग़म (ġam), उदासी (udāsī)
  2. suffering, distress
    उसने जीवन में बहुत दुःख उठाया।
    usne jīvan mẽ bahut duḥkh uṭhāyā.
    He has endured much suffering in his life.
    Synonym: कष्ट (kaṣṭ)
    Antonym: सुख (sukh)

ReferencesEdit

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “दुःख”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

SanskritEdit

Alternative formEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably a Prakrit form of earlier दुःस्थ (duḥstha, poor), from दुस्- (dus-, bad) +‎ स्था (sthā, to stand).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

दुःख (duḥkhán

  1. sorrow, distress, suffering, grief, misery, uneasiness, pain

DescendantsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

दुःख (duḥkhá)

  1. painful, uncomfortable, uneasy, difficult