शरण

Contents

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit शरण ‎(śaraṇa).

NounEdit

शरण ‎(śaraṇf ‎(Urdu spelling شرن)

  1. shelter, refuge
    हम छत के नीचे शरण ली।
    We took shelter under the roof.

ReferencesEdit

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “शरण”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

SanskritEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

शरण ‎(śaraṇam

  1. one of the arrows of Kamadeva
DeclensionEdit
Masculine a-stem declension of शरण
Nom. sg. शरणः ‎(śaraṇaḥ)
Gen. sg. शरणस्य ‎(śaraṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शरणः ‎(śaraṇaḥ) शरणौ ‎(śaraṇau) शरणाः ‎(śaraṇāḥ)
Vocative शरण ‎(śaraṇa) शरणौ ‎(śaraṇau) शरणाः ‎(śaraṇāḥ)
Accusative शरणम् ‎(śaraṇam) शरणौ ‎(śaraṇau) शरणान् ‎(śaraṇān)
Instrumental शरणेन ‎(śaraṇena) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणैः ‎(śaraṇaiḥ)
Dative शरणाय ‎(śaraṇāya) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः ‎(śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative शरणात् ‎(śaraṇāt) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः ‎(śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive शरणस्य ‎(śaraṇasya) शरणयोः ‎(śaraṇayoḥ) शरणानाम् ‎(śaraṇānām)
Locative शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणयोः ‎(śaraṇayoḥ) शरणेषु ‎(śaraṇeṣu)

NounEdit

शरण ‎(śaraṇan

  1. falling asunder, bursting, falling in
  2. killing, slaying
  3. what slays or injures
DeclensionEdit
Neuter a-stem declension of शरण
Nom. sg. शरणम् ‎(śaraṇam)
Gen. sg. शरणस्य ‎(śaraṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शरणम् ‎(śaraṇam) शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणानि ‎(śaraṇāni)
Vocative शरण ‎(śaraṇa) शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणानि ‎(śaraṇāni)
Accusative शरणम् ‎(śaraṇam) शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणानि ‎(śaraṇāni)
Instrumental शरणेन ‎(śaraṇena) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणैः ‎(śaraṇaiḥ)
Dative शरणा ‎(śaraṇā) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः ‎(śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative शरणात् ‎(śaraṇāt) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः ‎(śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive शरणस्य ‎(śaraṇasya) शरणयोः ‎(śaraṇayoḥ) शरणानाम् ‎(śaraṇānām)
Locative शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणयोः ‎(śaraṇayoḥ) शरणेषु ‎(śaraṇeṣu)

Etymology 2Edit

From verbal root √śṛ ‎(√śṛ) for श्रि ‎(śri).

AdjectiveEdit

शरण ‎(śaraṇá)

  1. protecting, guarding, defending
  2. name of a serpent-demon
  3. name of a poet
  4. name of a king
DeclensionEdit
Masculine a-stem declension of शरण
Nom. sg. शरणः ‎(śaraṇaḥ)
Gen. sg. शरणस्य ‎(śaraṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शरणः ‎(śaraṇaḥ) शरणौ ‎(śaraṇau) शरणाः ‎(śaraṇāḥ)
Vocative शरण ‎(śaraṇa) शरणौ ‎(śaraṇau) शरणाः ‎(śaraṇāḥ)
Accusative शरणम् ‎(śaraṇam) शरणौ ‎(śaraṇau) शरणान् ‎(śaraṇān)
Instrumental शरणेन ‎(śaraṇena) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणैः ‎(śaraṇaiḥ)
Dative शरणाय ‎(śaraṇāya) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः ‎(śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative शरणात् ‎(śaraṇāt) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः ‎(śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive शरणस्य ‎(śaraṇasya) शरणयोः ‎(śaraṇayoḥ) शरणानाम् ‎(śaraṇānām)
Locative शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणयोः ‎(śaraṇayoḥ) शरणेषु ‎(śaraṇeṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of शरण
Nom. sg. शरणा ‎(śaraṇā)
Gen. sg. शरणायाः ‎(śaraṇāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शरणा ‎(śaraṇā) शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणाः ‎(śaraṇāḥ)
Vocative शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणाः ‎(śaraṇāḥ)
Accusative शरणाम् ‎(śaraṇām) शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणाः ‎(śaraṇāḥ)
Instrumental शरणया ‎(śaraṇayā) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणाभिः ‎(śaraṇābhiḥ)
Dative शरणायै ‎(śaraṇāyai) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणाभ्यः ‎(śaraṇābhyaḥ)
Ablative शरणायाः ‎(śaraṇāyāḥ) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणाभ्यः ‎(śaraṇābhyaḥ)
Genitive शरणायाः ‎(śaraṇāyāḥ) शरणयोः ‎(śaraṇayoḥ) शरणानाम् ‎(śaraṇānām)
Locative शरणायाम् ‎(śaraṇāyām) शरणयोः ‎(śaraṇayoḥ) शरणासु ‎(śaraṇāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of शरण
Nom. sg. शरणम् ‎(śaraṇam)
Gen. sg. शरणस्य ‎(śaraṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शरणम् ‎(śaraṇam) शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणानि ‎(śaraṇāni)
Vocative शरण ‎(śaraṇa) शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणानि ‎(śaraṇāni)
Accusative शरणम् ‎(śaraṇam) शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणानि ‎(śaraṇāni)
Instrumental शरणेन ‎(śaraṇena) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणैः ‎(śaraṇaiḥ)
Dative शरणा ‎(śaraṇā) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः ‎(śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative शरणात् ‎(śaraṇāt) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः ‎(śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive शरणस्य ‎(śaraṇasya) शरणयोः ‎(śaraṇayoḥ) शरणानाम् ‎(śaraṇānām)
Locative शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणयोः ‎(śaraṇayoḥ) शरणेषु ‎(śaraṇeṣu)

NounEdit

शरण ‎(śaraṇán

  1. shelter, place of shelter or refuge or rest, hut, house, habitation, abode, lair (of an animal), home, asylum
  2. refuge, protection, refuge with
    śaraṇaṃ √gam or √yā or √i etc — to go to any one for protection, seek refuge with (+accusative or genitive; often at the end of a compound)
  3. water
  4. (with इन्द्रस्य ‎(indrasya)) name of a सामन् ‎(sāman)
DeclensionEdit
Neuter a-stem declension of शरण
Nom. sg. शरणम् ‎(śaraṇam)
Gen. sg. शरणस्य ‎(śaraṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शरणम् ‎(śaraṇam) शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणानि ‎(śaraṇāni)
Vocative शरण ‎(śaraṇa) शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणानि ‎(śaraṇāni)
Accusative शरणम् ‎(śaraṇam) शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणानि ‎(śaraṇāni)
Instrumental शरणेन ‎(śaraṇena) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणैः ‎(śaraṇaiḥ)
Dative शरणा ‎(śaraṇā) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः ‎(śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative शरणात् ‎(śaraṇāt) शरणाभ्याम् ‎(śaraṇābhyām) शरणेभ्यः ‎(śaraṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive शरणस्य ‎(śaraṇasya) शरणयोः ‎(śaraṇayoḥ) शरणानाम् ‎(śaraṇānām)
Locative शरणे ‎(śaraṇe) शरणयोः ‎(śaraṇayoḥ) शरणेषु ‎(śaraṇeṣu)

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1056
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