Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱel-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*ḱel-[1][2]

  1. to cover

ExtensionsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • *ḱél-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *ḱl̥-ye-ti (ye-present)
    • Proto-Germanic: *huljaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱél-dʰh₁e-ti (dʰh₁e-present)
    • Proto-Germanic: *haldaną (to hold, to keep) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱél-mn̥
  • *ḱél-mō
    • Proto-Germanic: *helmô (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱel-mos
    • Proto-Germanic: *helmaz (helmet) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱel-nó- ~ *ḱol-nó-
    • Proto-Germanic: *hallō (hall) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Italic: *kelnā
      • Latin: cella (see there for further descendants)

RootEdit

*ḱel-[3][4]

  1. to incline

ExtensionsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • *h₂eus-ḱl̥-t-eh₂-ye-ti (thematic ye-present)
  • *ḱól-to-s[5]
    • Proto-Germanic: *halþaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱl̥-tó-s[6]
    • Proto-Germanic: *hulþaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱól-i-s[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “k̑el-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume ΙΙΙ, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 552
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*halþa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 205: “*ḱel-”
  5. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*halþa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 205: “*ḱol-tó-”
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*hulþa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 254: “*ḱl-tó-”
  7. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*halþa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 205: “*ḱol-i-”