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HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit श्येन (śyena).

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ʃjeːn/

NounEdit

श्येन (śyenm

  1. (formal) a hawk or falcon
    Synonyms: बाज़ (bāz), गरुड (garuḍ)

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĉ(y)aynás, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱ(y)ino- (bird of prey). Cognate with Old Armenian ցին (cʿin, kite), Ancient Greek ἰκτῖνος (iktînos, kite), Avestan 𐬯𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬀 (saēna, a mythical bird).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɕjɐj.n̪ɐ́/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɕjeː.n̪ɐ/
  • NounEdit

    श्येन (śyenám

    1. a hawk, falcon or eagle
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 7.63.5
        यत्रा चक्रुरमृता गातुमस्मै श्येनो न दीयन्नन्वेति पाथः।
        प्रति वां सूर उदिते विधेम नमोभिर्मित्रावरुणोत हव्यैः॥
        yatrā cakruramṛtā gātumasmai śyeno na dīyannanveti pāthaḥ.
        prati vāṃ sūra udite vidhema namobhirmitrāvaruṇota havyaiḥ.
        Where the irrunortals have prepared his pathway he flieth through the region like a falcon.
        With homage and oblations will we serve you, O Mitra-Varuṇa, when the Sun hath risen.
    2. (Vedic mythology) The name of a divine hawk identified with अग्नि (agni) who ascends to the heavens for bringing सोम (soma) to earth.
    3. (Vedic ritualism) A hawk-shaped fire-altar (अग्निचयन (agnicayana)) constructed with bricks.

    DeclensionEdit

    Masculine a-stem declension of श्येन (śyená)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative श्येनः
    śyenáḥ
    श्येनौ
    śyenaú
    श्येनाः / श्येनासः¹
    śyenā́ḥ / śyenā́saḥ¹
    Vocative श्येन
    śyéna
    श्येनौ
    śyénau
    श्येनाः / श्येनासः¹
    śyénāḥ / śyénāsaḥ¹
    Accusative श्येनम्
    śyenám
    श्येनौ
    śyenaú
    श्येनान्
    śyenā́n
    Instrumental श्येनेन
    śyenéna
    श्येनाभ्याम्
    śyenā́bhyām
    श्येनैः / श्येनेभिः¹
    śyenaíḥ / śyenébhiḥ¹
    Dative श्येनाय
    śyenā́ya
    श्येनाभ्याम्
    śyenā́bhyām
    श्येनेभ्यः
    śyenébhyaḥ
    Ablative श्येनात्
    śyenā́t
    श्येनाभ्याम्
    śyenā́bhyām
    श्येनेभ्यः
    śyenébhyaḥ
    Genitive श्येनस्य
    śyenásya
    श्येनयोः
    śyenáyoḥ
    श्येनानाम्
    śyenā́nām
    Locative श्येने
    śyené
    श्येनयोः
    śyenáyoḥ
    श्येनेषु
    śyenéṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    DescendantsEdit