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HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit श्येन (śyena).

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ʃjeːn/

NounEdit

श्येन (śyenm

  1. (formal) a hawk or falcon
    Synonyms: बाज़ (bāz), गरुड (garuḍ)

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĉyaynás, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱyīno- (bird of prey). Cognate with Old Armenian ցին (cʿin, kite), Ancient Greek ἰκτῖνος (iktînos, kite), Avestan 𐬯𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬀 (saēna, a mythical bird).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

श्येन (śyenám

  1. a hawk, falcon or eagle
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 7.63.5
      यत्रा चक्रुरमृता गातुमस्मै श्येनो न दीयन्नन्वेति पाथः।
      प्रति वां सूर उदिते विधेम नमोभिर्मित्रावरुणोत हव्यैः॥
      yatrā cakruramṛtā gātumasmai śyeno na dīyannanveti pāthaḥ.
      prati vāṃ sūra udite vidhema namobhirmitrāvaruṇota havyaiḥ.
      Where the irrunortals have prepared his pathway he flieth through the region like a falcon.
      With homage and oblations will we serve you, O Mitra-Varuṇa, when the Sun hath risen.
  2. (Vedic mythology) The name of a divine hawk identified with अग्नि (agni) who ascends to the heavens for bringing सोम (soma) to earth.
  3. (Vedic ritualism) A hawk-shaped fire-altar (अग्निचयन (agnicayana)) constructed with bricks.

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of श्येन
Nom. sg. श्येनः (śyenaḥ)
Gen. sg. श्येनस्य (śyenasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्येनः (śyenaḥ) श्येनौ (śyenau) श्येनाः (śyenāḥ)
Vocative श्येन (śyena) श्येनौ (śyenau) श्येनाः (śyenāḥ)
Accusative श्येनम् (śyenam) श्येनौ (śyenau) श्येनान् (śyenān)
Instrumental श्येनेन (śyenena) श्येनाभ्याम् (śyenābhyām) श्येनैः (śyenaiḥ)
Dative श्येनाय (śyenāya) श्येनाभ्याम् (śyenābhyām) श्येनेभ्यः (śyenebhyaḥ)
Ablative श्येनात् (śyenāt) श्येनाभ्याम् (śyenābhyām) श्येनेभ्यः (śyenebhyaḥ)
Genitive श्येनस्य (śyenasya) श्येनयोः (śyenayoḥ) श्येनानाम् (śyenānām)
Locative श्येने (śyene) श्येनयोः (śyenayoḥ) श्येनेषु (śyeneṣu)

DescendantsEdit