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From the Proto-Indo-Iranian verbal root *su- "to press out, extract". Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬀 ‎(haoma) has the same root.


सोम ‎(sóma)

  1. relating to soma (probably written for सौम ‎(sauma))
  2. (probably) together with उमा ‎(umā)



सोम ‎(sómam

  1. juice, extract, (especially) the juice of the soma plant, (also) the soma plant itself
  2. Soma deity personified
    • RV 8.48.3
      अपाम सोममम्र्ता अभूमागन्म जयोतिरविदाम देवान |
      किं नूनमस्मान कर्णवदरातिः किमु धूर्तिरम्र्त मर्त्यस्य ||
      apāma somamamṛtā abhūmāghanma jyotiravidāma devān |
      kiṃ nūnamasmān kṛṇavadarātiḥ kimu dhūrtiramṛta martyasya ||
      We have drunk Soma and become immortal; we have attained the light, the Gods discovered.
      Now what may foeman's malice do to harm us? What, O Immortal, mortal man's deception?
  3. the moon or moon-god
  4. soma sacrifice
  5. a day destined for extracting the soma-juice
  6. Monday (= सोमवार ‎(soma-vāra))
  7. nectar
  8. camphor
  9. air, wind
  10. water
  11. a drug of supposed magical properties
  12. a particular mountain or mountainous range (according to some the mountains of the moon)
  13. a particular class of fathers (पितृ ‎(pitṛ́)) (probably for सोमपा ‎(soma-pā))
  14. name of various authors (also with पण्डित ‎(paṇḍita), भट्ट ‎(bhaṭṭa), शर्मन् ‎(śarman) etc.)
  15. = सोमचन्द्र ‎(somacandra), or सोमेन्दु ‎(some-ndu)
  16. name of a monkey-chief


See alsoEdit


सोम ‎(sóman

  1. rice-water, rice-gruel
  2. heaven, sky, ether


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