JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative spellings
(ryakuji)
(rare)

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *kətə. Cognate with (koto, word). Possibly cognate with Korean (geot).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

こと (koto

  1. broadly, any abstract thing, affair, matter, or fact
    1. a thing, occasion, circumstances, detail, particular
      ()(さい)(こと)だ。
      Sasai na koto da.
      It is a trivial matter.
      いやしくもなすに()(こと)なら(りっ)()にやるだけの価値(かち)がある。
      Iyashiku mo nasu ni taru koto nara rippa ni yaru dake no kachi ga aru.
      If a thing is worth doing at all, it is worth doing well.
    2. act of (word used for the nominalization of verbs, adjectives, or phrases)
      ある(てい)()まで(わたし)はあなたの()こと(さん)(せい)です。
      Aru teido made watashi wa anata no iu koto ni sansei desu.
      I agree with what you say to some extent.
    3. (by extension) experience, having been or done (used with ある, ga aru)
      (きょう)()()ったこと()りますか。
      Kyōto ni itta koto ga arimasu ka.
      Have you ever been to Kyoto?
      (かれ)(がっ)(こう)()(こく)すること()る。
      Kare wa gakkō ni chikoku suru koto ga aru.
      He is sometimes late for school.
    4. event of special importance: affair, something, incident, case, occurrence, trouble
      (たい)(へん)こと()こった。
      Taihen na koto ga okotta.
      A terrible accident occurred.
    5. business matters, affairs, business, work, duty
      (あわ)てて(こと)(はこ)ぶとミスをしますよ。
      Awatete koto o hakobu to misu o shimasu yo.
      You make mistakes if you do things in a hurry.
Usage notesEdit

This term is often spelled in hiragana. こと (koto) is used for abstract things, such as an action or concept. (mono) is used for more concrete things, such as physical objects.

IdiomsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of こと – see the following entry.
2
[noun] word
(This term, こと, is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as こと, not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as こと.)

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of こと – see the following entry.
S
[noun] koto: a Japanese zither derived from the Chinese guzheng
[noun] (colloquial) guzheng: a Chinese zither on which the koto was based [since after the Edo period]
[proper noun] a female given name
[proper noun] a surname
Alternative spelling
(This term, こと, is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as こと, not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as こと.)

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of こと – see the following entry.
6
[noun] difference; (prefixed to nouns) different; other
Alternative spelling
(This term, こと, is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as こと, not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as こと.)

ReferencesEdit

  • 諸橋轍次 (Morohashi Tetsuji), chief ed. 大漢和辞典 (Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, “Comprehensive Chinese–Japanese Dictionary”). 13 vols. 1955–1960. Revised and enlarged ed. 1984–1986. Tokyo: Taishukan.