U+4E8B, 事
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E8B

[U+4E8A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E8C]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 6, +7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十中中弓 (JLLN), four-corner 50007, composition ⿻⿱𠮛)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 85, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 241
  • Dae Jaweon: page 174, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 23, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E8B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𠭆

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (flag or hunting weapon) – flag or hunting weapon in hand > to perform one's job. Compare , .

EtymologyEdit

Exopassive of (OC *zrɯʔ, “to give or carry out an assignment; to serve”), literally “what has been assigned” (Schuessler, 2007).

Alternatively, based on Gong (2000), STEDT derives it from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-dzas (thing), whence Burmese စာ (ca, thing) and Tibetan རྫས (rdzas, thing, object, matter).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: se/sê4 - “work”.
Note:
  • dī, si̿ - vernacular;
  • sū - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • sê̤ṳ - literary;
    • dâi - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • sū/sīr/sǐr/sī - literary;
    • tāi - vernacular (usually written ).
    Note: se6 - “to serve”.
    Note:
    • sr5 - vernacular;
    • sr4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
    Tianjin /sz̩⁵³/
    Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹/
    Qingdao /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹²/
    Xi'an /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Xining /sz̩²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Ürümqi /sz̩²¹³/
    Wuhan /sz̩³⁵/
    Chengdu /sz̩¹³/
    Guiyang /sz̩²¹³/
    Kunming /sz̩²¹²/
    Nanjing /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Hefei /sz̩⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /sz̩⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /sz̩³⁵/
    Hohhot /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
    Suzhou /zz̩³¹/
    Hangzhou /zz̩¹³/
    Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
    Hui Shexian /sz̩²²/
    Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /sz̩⁵⁵/
    /sz̩¹¹/
    Xiangtan /sz̩²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /sz̩²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁵³/
    Taoyuan /sï⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /si²²/
    Nanning /sz̩²²/
    Hong Kong /si²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /søy²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su⁴⁴/
    /si³³/
    /ti⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sɯ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /si³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (20)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʒɨH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖ͡ʐɨH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʒieH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖ͡ʐɨH/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʒiəH/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʒĭəH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɖ͡ʐʱiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzriH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[m-s-]rəʔ-s/
    English serve; service, affair

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 11486
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zrɯs/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. thing; matter (Classifier: m c;  m)
    2. task; work; job; career
    3. misfortune; mishap; accident; incident
    4. (dialectal Hakka, Min Bei) speech; words; language
    5. to serve; to attend to someone
    6. (Beijing, erhua-ed) fussy; pernickety; troublesome
      /   ―  Tā zhè rén tè shìr.  ―  He is a very fussy person.
    7. 27th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "duties" (𝌠)
    8. (Internet slang) Eye dialect spelling of .
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: () (ji)
    • Korean: (, sa)
    • Vietnamese: sự ()

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃɨH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂɨH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃieH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂɨH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃiəH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃĭəH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhì
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 11485
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsrɯs/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (, “to establish”).
    2. Alternative form of (, “to stab”).

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    As an alternative form of and :

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    こと
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    こと
    [noun] broadly, any abstract thing, affair, matter, or fact
    [noun] a thing, occasion, circumstances, detail, particular
    [noun] act of (word used for the nominalization of verbs, adjectives, or phrases)
    [noun] (by extension) experience, having been or done (used with ある, ga aru)
    [noun] event of special importance: affair, something, incident, case, occurrence, trouble
    [noun] business matters, affairs, business, work, duty
    Alternative spellings
    , ,
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    goon

    From Middle Chinese. It seems the reading is from (MC d͡ʒɨH, “to establish; to stab”), while the meaning is from (MC t͡ʃɨH, “thing, matter; task, job”).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    () (ji

    1. thing
    2. work; job; business
    3. to serve; to work for

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (il sa))

    1. thing, matter

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: sự[1][2][3][4][5]
    : Nôm readings: sự[1][2][4][6], [3]

    1. Hán tự form of sự (deed; act; occurence).
    2. Nôm form of (to leak out, to escape).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit