See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Jade pendants with the phonetic jin below

Han characterEdit

(radical 96 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一土人戈弓 (MGOIN), four-corner 11207, composition)

  1. guqin (Chinese seven-stringed zither, historical and original usage)
  2. piano (modern usage, most commonly used meaning)
  3. zither
  4. string instrument (can apply to zithers or lutes)
  5. musical instrument (for example, 手风琴 [accordion])

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 735, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21079
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1147, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1119, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7434

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjim/
Li
Rong
/ɡjəm/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ gim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[C.ɢ](r)[ə]m/
English lute

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6605
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯm/

NounEdit

  1. zither
  2. a stringed instrument

VerbEdit

  1. to play the zither
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: 孟子萬章上
    Xiàng wǎng rù Shùn gōng, Shùn zài chuáng qín. [Pinyin]
    Xiang entered Shun's room, and found Shun on his bed playing the zither.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Myanmar-English Dictionary (1993, Myanmar Language Commission; republished 1996, Dunwoody Press)

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune-Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cầm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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