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U+7434, 琴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7434

[U+7433]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7435]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 96 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一土人戈弓 (MGOIN), four-corner 11207, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 735, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21079
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1147, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1119, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7434

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ
*l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
*qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*qɯːm, *qaːb
*qɯːm, *qrɯːms
*krɯːm
*qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
*qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*ɡram
*ɡram
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*nɯːms
*sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
*sɢrɯm
*sɡrɯm
*sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
*sɡrɯm
*ɡjɯms
*krɯm
*krɯm
*krɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯmʔ
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
*qrɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
*qrɯms
*qrɯms
*ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡrɯm): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *krɯm).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjim/
Li
Rong
/ɡjəm/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ gim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[C.ɢ](r)[ə]m/
English lute

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6605
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (music) qin (“Chinese zithers”), referring to any of several traditional Chinese musical instruments, most famously the guqin
  2. to play the qin
  3. (music) collective name for certain musical instruments, such as piano, organ, violin, cello, huqin, accordion, harmonica, etc.

DescendantsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
こと
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/ko2 oto2/ invalid IPA characters (22)*/kooto//koto/

Likely from Old Japanese. Originally a compound of  () (ko, tree, wood) +  (おと) (oto, sound), (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) with the initial o dropped by haplology.

Compare (koto).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana こと, rōmaji koto)

  1. koto: a Japanese traditional zither or harp, inspired by the guzheng (Chinese zither)
  2. (archaic) any stringed instrument
Usage notesEdit
  • Usually spelled as , for the "Chinese zither" sense.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana こと, rōmaji Koto)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
きん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɡˠiɪm). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana きん, rōmaji kin)

  1. qin (Chinese zither)
  2. Short for 古琴 (kokin, guqin).
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana きん, rōmaji Kin)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname​.

Etymology 3Edit

Various nanori readings.

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana くむ, rōmaji Kumu)

  1. a surname​.

(hiragana ぐん, rōmaji Gun)

  1. a surname​.

(hiragana ことえ, rōmaji Kotoe)

  1. a female given name

(hiragana ことざき, rōmaji Kotozaki)

  1. a surname​.

(hiragana ことみ, rōmaji Kotomi)

  1. a female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune-Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

  1. Chinese lute or guitar

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cầm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.