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Etymology 1Edit

Alternative spellings 有る
在る

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *ari.

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "ある"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
ある [áꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) あれ [áꜜrè]
Key constructions
Passive - - -
Causative - - -
Potential あられる られ [àráréꜜrù]
Volitional あろう [àróꜜò]
Negative ない [náꜜì]
Negative perfective なかった かった [náꜜkàttà]
Formal あります りま [àrímáꜜsù]
Perfective あった った [áꜜttà]
Conjunctive あって って [áꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional あれば れば [áꜜrèbà]

VerbEdit

ある (aruintransitive godan (stem あり (ari), past あった (atta))

  1. to exist (inanimate objects)
    テーブルの(うえ)(うえ)()(ばち)あります
    Tēburu no ue ni uekibachi ga arimasu.
    There is a flowerpot on top of the table.
    (なんじ)(さち)あれ
    Nanji ni sachi are.
    I wish you happiness.
    (literally, “May happiness exist with you.”)
  2. to be (inanimate objects)
  3. to have (inanimate objects)
    (わたし)(がっ)(こう)花園(はなぞの)あります
    Watashi no gakkō wa hanazono ga arimasu.
    My school has a flower garden.
  4. (of an accident) to happen
    (なに)あったら(れん)(らく)してください。
    Nanika attara renraku shite kudasai.
    If anything happens, please call me.
SynonymsEdit
ConjugationEdit

See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative spelling 或る

PronunciationEdit

AdnominalEdit

ある (aru

  1. a certain, one, some
    ある(せい)()()がそう()った。
    Aru seijika ga sō itta.
    A certain politician said so.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN