JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative spelling
(archaic)

Originally derived as stem noun form of verb よる (yoru, to arise from, to start from), spelled variously in kanji as 因る, 依る, 由る.

PronunciationEdit

ParticleEdit

より (yori

  1. than; rather than; more so than
    (うえ)()さんは(ぼく)より()(たか)い。
    Ueda-san wa boku yori se ga takai.
    Mr. Ueda is taller than I am.
    オレンジより(りん)()()き。
    Orenji yori ringo ga suki.
    I like apples more than oranges.
  2. from, beyond, or past a point in space or time
    ここより(あぶ)ないですよ。
    Koko yori abunai desu yo.
    It's dangerous past / beyond / from here.
    ()(とせ)より(しゅっ)(ぱつ)します。
    Chitose yori shuppatsu shimasu.
    We depart from Chitose.
    (はく)(ぶつ)(かん)(てん)()(ろく)(がつ)10(とお)()より(かい)(さい)されます。
    Hakubutsukan no tenji ga rokugatsu tōka yori kaisai saremasu.
    The museum exhibit opens from June 10.
Usage notesEdit

The archaic ligature kana was used for yori from roughly the Edo Period to World War II. It is not used in contemporary Japanese.

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Calque of European grammatical constructions[1] such as English more, leveraging the from, beyond, past sense of the particle.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

より (yori

  1. more
    より綺麗(きれい)環境(かんきょう)
    yori kirei na kankyō
    a cleaner environment
    • 2019 August 4, QuizKnock, 最弱オセロAIが弱過ぎて絶対勝っちゃうww本気で負けてみた [The weakest Othello AI is so weak that you're guaranteed to win! So we tried to lose]‎[1]:
      より()ちゃった。
      Yori katchatta.
      You've won more.
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Alternative spelling
寄り

The (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb () (yoru, to approach, to draw near).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

より (yori

  1. leaning
  2. (by extension) tending towards, leaning towards

VerbEdit

より (yori

  1. stem or continuative form of よる (yoru) [godan]

Further readingEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Alternative spellings
縒り
撚り

The (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb 縒る, 撚る (yoru, to twist, to entwine).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

より (yori

  1. twisting

VerbEdit

より (yori

  1. stem or continuative form of よる (yoru) [godan]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN