See also: Twist

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

PIE word
*dwóh₁

From Middle English twist, from Old English *twist, in compounds (e.g. mæsttwist (a rope; stay), candeltwist (a wick)), from Proto-Germanic *twistaz, a derivative of *twi- (two-) (compare also twine, between, betwixt).

Related to Saterland Frisian Twist (discord), Dutch twist (twist; strife; discord), German Low German Twist (strife; discord), German Zwist (turmoil; strife; discord), Swedish tvist (quarrel; dispute), Icelandic tvistur (deuce).

The verb is from Middle English twisten. Compare Dutch twisten, Danish tviste (to dispute), Swedish tvista (to argue; dispute).

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: twĭst, IPA(key): /twɪst/, [tw̥ɪst]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪst

NounEdit

twist (countable and uncountable, plural twists)

  1. A twisting force.
  2. Anything twisted, or the act of twisting.
    • 1906, Edith Nesbit, The Railway Children Chapter 8
      Peter was always proud afterwards when he remembered that, with the Bargee's furious fingers tightening on his ear, the Bargee's crimson countenance close to his own, the Bargee's hot breath on his neck, he had the courage to speak the truth.
      "I wasn't catching fish," said Peter.
      "That's not your fault, I'll be bound," said the man, giving Peter's ear a twist—not a hard one—but still a twist.
    • 1711 July 29, Joseph Addison; Richard Steele, “WEDNESDAY, July 18, 1711 [Julian calendar]”, in The Spectator, number 120; republished in Alexander Chalmers, editor, The Spectator; a New Edition, [], volume II, New York, N.Y.: D[aniel] Appleton & Company, 1853, OCLC 191120697:
      Not the least turn or twist in the fibres of any one animal which does not render them more proper for that particular animal's way of life than any other cast or texture.
  3. The form given in twisting.
    • 1712, John Arbuthnot, The History of John Bull:
      [He] shrunk at first sight of it; he found fault with the length, the thickness, and the twist.
  4. The degree of stress or strain when twisted.
  5. A type of thread made from two filaments twisted together.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. [], London: [] [John Wolfe] for VVilliam Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938, book IV, canto ii:
      the thrid
      By griesly Lachesis was spun with paine,
      That cruell Atropos eftsoones vndid,
      With cursed knife cutting the twist in twaine [] .
    • 1808–10, William Hickey, Memoirs of a Georgian Rake, Folio Society 1995, p. 140:
      I was one morning walking arm in arm with him in St James's Park, his dress then being [] waistcoat and breeches of the same blue satin, trimmed with silver twist à la hussarde, and ermine edges.
  6. A sliver of lemon peel added to a cocktail, etc.
    • 2005, Theodore J. Albasini, The Progeny
      Bunny sat on the only remaining stool at the leather-padded oval bar in the Iron Lounge. It was happy hour, two drinks for the price of one. She decided on a martini with a twist, and while the bartender was preparing her drink, she scanned the faces looking at the bar.
  7. A sudden bend (or short series of bends) in a road, path, etc.
    • 1899, Edith Nesbit, The Wouldbegoods:
      But here a twist in the stream brought us out from the bushes
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
  8. A distortion to the meaning of a word or passage.
  9. An unexpected turn in a story, tale, etc.
    • 1987, October 23, “Caryn James”, in Movie Review: No Man's Land (1987)[New York Times]:
      Though set in Los Angeles, the film has a familiar, television look and feel - two handsome partners, cops, criminals, fast cars and a marginal romance. The twist in the buddy-car-chase formula is that here the good guys tend to blur into the bad.
    • 2012 May 24, Nathan Rabin, “Film: Reviews: Men In Black 3”, in The Onion AV Club:
      In the abstract, Stuhlbarg’s twinkly-eyed sidekick suggests Joe Pesci in Lethal Weapon 2 by way of late-period Robin Williams with an alien twist, but Stuhlbarg makes a character that easily could have come across as precious into a surprisingly palatable, even charming man.
  10. (preceded by definite article) A type of dance characterised by rotating one’s hips. See Twist (dance) on Wikipedia for more details.
    • 1997, April 22, “Jennifer Dunning”, in Surviving It All, Dismissals, Tours and Balanchine[New York Times]:
      She taught him to do the twist, having learned it herself from an Alvin Ailey dancer at Jacob's Pillow.
  11. A rotation of the body when diving.
  12. A sprain, especially to the ankle.
  13. (obsolete) A twig.
  14. (slang) A girl, a woman.
  15. A roll or baton of baked dough or pastry in a twisted shape.
  16. (countable, uncountable) A small roll of tobacco.
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
      [] this Katie Byrne was a great favourite with Art and Con, to whom she always brought a gift of tobacco twist, when she came on a visit, and Art and Con were great chewers of tobacco twist, and never had enough, never never had enough tobacco twist, for their liking.
  17. A material for gun barrels, consisting of iron and steel twisted and welded together.
    Damascus twist
  18. The spiral course of the rifling of a gun barrel or a cannon.
  19. (obsolete, slang) A beverage made of brandy and gin.
  20. A strong individual tendency or bent; inclination.
    a twist toward fanaticism
  21. (slang, archaic) An appetite for food.
    • 1861, The Farmer's Magazine (page 40)
      He [the yearling bull] had a good handsome male head, and he had a capital twist. He had a spring in his rib, and was something over seven feet in girth. He was well covered, and had all the recommendations of quality, symmetry, and size.

DescendantsEdit

  • German: Twist

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

twist (third-person singular simple present twists, present participle twisting, simple past and past participle twisted)

  1. To turn the ends of something, usually thread, rope etc., in opposite directions, often using force.
  2. To join together by twining one part around another.
    • 1900, L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Chapter 15
      "Well, one day I went up in a balloon and the ropes got twisted, so that I couldn't come down again. It went way up above the clouds, so far that a current of air struck it and carried it many, many miles away. For a day and a night I traveled through the air, and on the morning of the second day I awoke and found the balloon floating over a strange and beautiful country."
  3. To contort; to writhe; to complicate; to crook spirally; to convolve.
  4. To wreathe; to wind; to encircle; to unite by intertexture of parts.
    • 1645, Edmund Waller, To my Lord of Falkland
      longing to twist bays with that ivy
    • 1844, Robert Chambers, "Dr Thomas Burnet" in Cyclopædia of English Literature
      There are pillars of smoke twisted about wreaths of flame.
  5. (reflexive) To wind into; to insinuate.
    Avarice twists itself into all human concerns.
  6. To turn a knob etc.
  7. To distort or change the truth or meaning of words when repeating.
  8. To form a twist (in any of the above noun meanings).
  9. To injure (a body part) by bending it in the wrong direction.
    • 1913, George Bernard Shaw, Pygmalion Act V
      Oh, you are a devil. You can twist the heart in a girl as easy as some could twist her arms to hurt her. Mrs. Pearce warned me. Time and again she has wanted to leave you; and you always got round her at the last minute. And you don't care a bit for her. And you don't care a bit for me.
    • 1901, Henry Lawson, Joe Wilson's Courtship
      Then Romany went down, then we fell together, and the chaps separated us. I got another knock-down blow in, and was beginning to enjoy the novelty of it, when Romany staggered and limped.
      ‘I’ve done,’ he said. ‘I’ve twisted my ankle.’ He’d caught his heel against a tuft of grass.
  10. (intransitive, of a path) To wind; to follow a bendy or wavy course; to have many bends.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
    • 1926, Howard Phillips Lovecraft, He
      My coming to New York had been a mistake; for whereas I had looked for poignant wonder and inspiration in the teeming labyrinths of ancient streets that twist endlessly from forgotten courts and squares and waterfronts to courts and squares and waterfronts equally forgotten, and in the Cyclopean modern towers and pinnacles that rise blackly Babylonian under waning moons, I had found instead only a sense of horror and oppression which threatened to master, paralyze, and annihilate me.
  11. (transitive) To cause to rotate.
    • 1911, John Masefield, Jim Davis Chapter 8
      The tide seized us and swept us along, and in the races where this happened there were sucking whirlpools, strong enough to twist us round.
  12. (intransitive) To dance the twist (a type of dance characterised by twisting one's hips).
  13. (transitive) To coax.
    • 1932, Robert E. Howard, Dark Shanghai
      "On the three-thousand-dollar reward John Bain is offerin' for the return of his sister," said Ace. "Now listen--I know a certain big Chinee had her kidnapped outa her 'rickshaw out at the edge of the city one evenin'. He's been keepin' her prisoner in his house, waitin' a chance to send her up-country to some bandit friends of his'n; then they'll be in position to twist a big ransome outa John Bain, see? [...]"
  14. (card games) In the game of blackjack (pontoon or twenty-one), to be dealt another card.

AntonymsEdit

(in blackjack, be dealt another card):: stick; stay

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English twist.

NounEdit

twist m

  1. twist (dance)

Further readingEdit

  • twist in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • twist in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English twist.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

twist m (uncountable, diminutive twistje n)

  1. strife, discord
  2. dispute
  3. twist: dance, turn

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English twist.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtwist/, [ˈt̪wis̠t̪]
  • IPA(key): /ˈtʋist/, [ˈt̪ʋis̠t̪]
  • Rhymes: -ist
  • Syllabification: twist

NounEdit

twist

  1. twist (dance)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of twist (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative twist twistit
genitive twistin twistien
partitive twistiä twistejä
illative twistiin twisteihin
singular plural
nominative twist twistit
accusative nom. twist twistit
gen. twistin
genitive twistin twistien
partitive twistiä twistejä
inessive twistissä twisteissä
elative twististä twisteistä
illative twistiin twisteihin
adessive twistillä twisteillä
ablative twistiltä twisteiltä
allative twistille twisteille
essive twistinä twisteinä
translative twistiksi twisteiksi
instructive twistein
abessive twistittä twisteittä
comitative twisteineen
Possessive forms of twist (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person twistini twistimme
2nd person twistisi twistinne
3rd person twistinsä

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English twist.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

twist m (plural twists)

  1. twist (dance)

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English *twist (attested in compounds), from Proto-West Germanic *twist, from Proto-Germanic *twistaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

twist (plural twistes)

  1. The flat part of a hinge (less specifically the entire hinge)
  2. A twig or branch.
  3. A groin (juncture between the chest and thighs)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English twist.

NounEdit

twist m (uncountable)

  1. twist (type of dance)

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unadapted borrowing from English twist or French twist.

NounEdit

twist n (plural twisturi)

  1. twist (dance)

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unadapted borrowing from English twist.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtwist/, [ˈt̪wist̪]

NounEdit

twist m (plural twists)

  1. twist (clarification of this definition is needed)

Usage notesEdit

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.