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ChineseEdit

phonetic
trad. (優婆塞)
simp. (优婆塞)
 
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EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit उपासक (upāsaka).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1 2/2
Initial () (34) (3) (16)
Final () (136) (95) (131)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed Open
Division () III I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨu/ /buɑ/ /sək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiu/ /buɑ/ /sək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiəu/ /buɑ/ /sək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔuw/ /bwa/ /sək̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiu/ /buɑ/ /sək̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭəu/ /buɑ/ /sək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ə̯u/ /bʱuɑ/ /sək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yōu se

NounEdit

優婆塞

  1. (Buddhism) male lay devotee

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (優婆塞):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6

Grade: S
そく
Grade: S
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit उपासक (upāsaka) or Pali upāsaka. The kanji are ateji (当て字).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

優婆塞 (hiragana うばそく, rōmaji ubasoku, historical hiragana うばそく)

  1. Male lay followers of the Buddha, and Buddhism in general.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN