U+8584, 薄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8584

[U+8583]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8585]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
Mainland China and Japan
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 140, +13, 16 (Japan, Mainland), 17 (Hong Kong, Taiwan) strokes, cangjie input 廿水戈戈 (TEII), four-corner 44146, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1060, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1523, character 40
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3307, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8584

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *baːɡ) : semantic + phonetic (OC *pʰaːʔ, *paːɡ).

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ba (thin; flat) (STEDT). Cognate with Burmese ပါး (pa:, thin), Jingpho pha (pha³¹, thin).

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note:
  • bó - literary (“weak, poor, stingy”);
  • báo - vernacular (“thin”);
  • bò - only used in 薄荷.
Note: bik1 - common alternative pronunciation for “to approach”.
Note:
  • po̍h - colloquial (“thin; meagre; weak; surname”);
  • po̍k - literary.
Note:
  • bêg4 - “to approach”;
  • bo7 - only used in 薄荷.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (104)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter bak
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bwɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/bʷɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/buɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwak̚/
Li
Rong
/buɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/buɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱwɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
bok6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˁak/
English thin

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3487
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*baːɡ/

Definitions edit

  1. thin (not thick); flimsy
      ―  báo  ―  flimsy cloth
    如履  ―  rúlǚbīng  ―  to be very careful (literally, “like treading on thin ice”)
    [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    ne1 gin6 saam1 hou2 bok6. [Jyutping]
    This shirt is very light.
  2. slight; meagre; small
      ―  chóu  ―  small reward
  3. poor; infertile
  4. cold in manner; indifferent
  5. ungenerous; unkind; mean
      ―    ―  mean; unkind
  6. (of taste) weak; light; not strong
      ―  Jiǔ wèi hěn báo.  ―  The wine is very weak.
  7. to belittle; to despise
    厚此  ―  hòucǐ  ―  to favour one and slight the other
  8. Alternative form of (, capital of Yin)
  9. to reduce
  10. (literary) to approach
    西山  ―  xīshān  ―  to approach death
  11. a surname
      ―  Yībō  ―  Bo Yibo
Synonyms edit
  • (Southwestern Mandarin, Jianghuai Mandarin) 𣻏 (jiāo, “thin”)
Antonyms edit
  • (hòu, “thick”)
See also edit

Compounds edit

Pronunciation 2 edit


Definitions edit

  1. Only used in 薄荷 (bòhé, “mint”).

Compounds edit

Pronunciation 3 edit


Definitions edit

  1. Only used in 蓾薄.

References edit

Japanese edit

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]

薄󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
 
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. thin, weak, sparse
  2. dilute
  3. weak (tea)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
すすき
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
すすきススキ
[noun] susuki grass, Japanese pampas grass
[noun] (card games) a suit in 花札 (hanafuda), representing the month of August
Alternative spelling
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
うす
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
うす
[prefix] : light (in degree)
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References edit

  1. ^ Haga, Gōtarō (1914) 漢和大辞書 (in Japanese), Fourth edition, Tōkyō: Kōbunsha, →DOI, page 1857 (paper), page 980 (digital)

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 엷을 (yeolbeul bak))

  1. Hanja form? of (thin, slight, weak).
  2. Hanja form? of (poor, stingy).

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: bạc

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.