See also:
U+5247, 則
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5247

[U+5246]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5248]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 18, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 月金中弓 (BCLN), four-corner 62800, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 139, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1994
  • Dae Jaweon: page 317, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 340, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5247

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𠞋
𠟔
𠟻
𠟭

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Shizhoupian script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
                 

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (ding, a bronze cauldron for cooking or sacrificial rituals) + (knife). 鼎 was simplified as 貝 in the Small seal script. Cf. (OC *teŋ, “to divine; righteous; firm”), which underwent similar development.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • zah4 - vernacular;
  • zeh4 - literary.
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡sɤ³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡sai²⁴/
    /t͡sɤ²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sɤ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /t͡sə²¹³/
    /t͡sei²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡sə⁴²/
    /t͡se⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡sɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡sei²¹/
    Xining /t͡sɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡sə¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡sə³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡sɤ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡se³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sɛ²¹/
    Kunming /t͡sə³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡sɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡sʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡se²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sɛʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sa⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡sæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡set̚¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡set̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
    Nanning /t͡sɐk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sek̚⁵/
    /t͡sɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (131)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sək̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sək̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sək̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sək̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ze
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zak1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsok › ‹ tsok ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ˁək/ /*[ts]ˁək/
    English then rule, pattern

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16595
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsɯːɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. rule; law; regulation
    2. standard; example
    3. to follow an example
    4. Classifier for news, writings, stories, or narratives: item
      寓言寓言  ―  yùyán  ―  a fable
    5. conjunction used to indicate sequence of events; and
    6. conjunction used to indicate cause and effect; so; thus
    7. conjunction used to indicate contrast; but; on the other hand
    8. conjunction used between two identical or near-identical words to indicate concession; it is ... but it ...
    9. particle used as the copula
    10. particle used after numerals to list reasons

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “from English cheque?”)

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Cantonese) floor plan or layout (of buildings, especially of apartments or flats)

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Min Nan)”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. rule, law
    2. measure, norm
    3. to follow, to conform

    This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    そく
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sək̚, “rule”).

    PronunciationEdit

    CounterEdit

    (そく) (-soku

    1. counter for rules

    NounEdit

    (そく) (soku

    1. rule, law
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    のり
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (のり) (nori

    1. rule, law
    2. measure, norm, standard

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Middle Chinese.

    Historical Readings
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Gwangju Cheonjamun, 1575 법즉 (Yale: pepcuk) (Yale: cuk)

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 법칙(法則) (beopchik chik))

    1. Hanja form? of (rule; law; regulation). [affix]
    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    From Middle Chinese.

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 즉〮 (Yale: cúk)

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (got jeuk))

    1. (literary Chinese) Hanja form? of (particle in literary Chinese texts).
    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: tắc[1][2][3][4][5], trắc[1]
    : Nôm readings: tắc[1][2][3][4][6], tấc[1][2], trắc[1]

    1. chữ Hán form of tắc (law; regulation).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit