U+5A46, 婆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5A46

[U+5A45]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5A47]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水水女 (EEV), four-corner 34404, composition)

Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 264, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6390
  • Dae Jaweon: page 530, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1061, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5A46

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pral, *prals
*pral, *prals
*pralʔ
*pralʔ
*pralʔ, *prals
*prals
*prals, *paːlʔ
*pʰral, *pʰralʔ
*pʰral
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral, *brals
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰralʔ, *paːl
*bral
*bral
*bralʔ, *brals
*brals
*brals
*mbralʔ
*paːl
*paːl, *baːl
*paːl
*paːlʔ, *paːls
*paːlʔ, *pʰaːlʔ
*pʰaːl, *pʰaːlʔ, *pʰaːls
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːls
*baːl
*baːl

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *baːl): phonetic (OC *paːl) + semantic (woman) – a kind of woman.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰo³⁵/
Harbin /pʰɤ²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰo⁴⁵/
Jinan /pʰə⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰo⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰo²⁴/ ~娘
/pʰo⁴⁴/ 丈夫母親
Xining /pʰɔ²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰuə⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰə⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰo²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰo³¹/
Guiyang /pʰo²¹/
Kunming /pʰo³¹/
Nanjing /pʰo²⁴/
Hefei /pʰʊ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰɤ¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰɔ¹³/
/pei¹³/ 老~
Hohhot /pʰɤ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /bu²³/
Suzhou /bu¹³/
Hangzhou /bo²¹³/
Wenzhou /bøy³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰo⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰo⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /po¹³/
Xiangtan /bo¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰo²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /pʰo¹¹/
Taoyuan /pʰo¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɔ²¹/
Nanning /pʰɔ²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰɔ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /po³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /po⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔ²¹/
/pɔ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰua⁵⁵/
/po⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fo³¹/
/ʔbo³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/buɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/buɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwa/
Li
Rong
/buɑ/
Wang
Li
/buɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ba ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˤa[j]/
English 婆娑 saunter, dance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9734
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*baːl/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. old woman
  2. grandmother
  3. mother-in-law (of a woman); husband's mother
  4. woman in a particular profession
  5. pejorative suffix for a woman

Usage notesEdit

In transcriptions of Buddhist terms, (MC buɑ) is often used to transcribe Sanskrit (ba), (bha) and (va).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. old woman
  2. grandmother
  3. crone

ReadingsEdit

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(pa) (hangeul , revised pa, McCune-Reischauer p'a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.