Japanese edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
寢る (kyūjitai)

Etymology edit

From Old Japanese (nu).

Pronunciation edit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "寝る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
寝る [nèrú]
Imperative (命令形) 寝ろ [nèró]
Key constructions
Passive 寝られる られる [nèrárérú]
Causative 寝させる させる [nèsásérú]
Potential 寝られる られる [nèrárérú]
Volitional 寝よう [nèyóꜜò]
Negative 寝ない ない [nènáí]
Negative perfective 寝なかった かった [nènáꜜkàttà]
Formal 寝ます [nèmáꜜsù]
Perfective 寝た [nètá]
Conjunctive 寝て [nèté]
Hypothetical conditional 寝れば [nèréꜜbà]

Verb edit

() (neruintransitive ichidan (stem () (ne), past () (neta))

  1. to sleep
  2. to go to bed
  3. () to sleep with, to have sexual intercourse with
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:性交する
    • 2003 April 22, Kenshi Hirokane, “STEP2 さよならはダンスの後に [Step 2: Only Say Goodbye after the Dance]”, in ヤング島耕作, volume 1 (fiction), Tōkyō: Kōdansha, →ISBN, page 42:
      おまえ(なか)()()のか?
      Omae Nakai to neta no ka?
      Did you sleep with Nakai?
  4. to lie down
  5. (of miso, sake, etc.) to ripen, to ferment, to cure

Conjugation edit

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Uwano, Zendo (2002-10-31), “見島方言の用言のアクセント調査報告 [A Report on the Accentual Surveys of Verbs and Adjectives in the Mishima Dialect]”, in 環太平洋の「消滅に瀕した言語」にかんする緊急調査研究 [Endangered languages of the Pacific Rim]‎[1], →ISSN, archived from the original on 2022-09-25
  2. ^ Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN