差し上げる

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "差し上げる"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
差し上げる しあげる [sàshíágérú]
Imperative (命令形) 差し上げろ しあげろ [sàshíágéró]
Key constructions
Passive 差し上げられる しあげられる [sàshíágérárérú]
Causative 差し上げさせる しあげさせる [sàshíágésásérú]
Potential 差し上げられる しあげられる [sàshíágérárérú]
Volitional 差し上げよう しあげよ [sàshíágéyóꜜò]
Negative 差し上げない しあげない [sàshíágénáí]
Negative perfective 差し上げなかった しあげなかった [sàshíágénáꜜkàttà]
Formal 差し上げます しあげま [sàshíágémáꜜsù]
Perfective 差し上げた しあげた [sàshíágétá]
Conjunctive 差し上げて しあげて [sàshíágété]
Hypothetical conditional 差し上げれば しあげれ [sàshíágéréꜜbà]

VerbEdit

()()げる (sashiagerutransitive ichidan (stem ()() (sashiage), past ()()げた (sashiageta))

  1. lift up, raise
    (おお)きな(いし)頭上高々(ずじょうたかだか)()()げた
    ōkina ishi o zujō takadaka to sashiageta
    Raised the big stone high above the head
  2. (humble) give
    この(かがみ)をあなたに()()げます
    kono kagami o anata ni sashiagemasu
    This mirror is for you

Usage notesEdit

The giver is always the speaker or someone close to the speaker such as a family member. The receiver is always someone of higher social status than the speaker.

ConjugationEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN