See also:
Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E0A
Code point U+4E0A
Entity number 上
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E09] [U+4E0B]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
上-order.gif
Stroke order
上-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
上-oracle.svg 上-bronze.svg 上-bigseal.svg 上-seal.svg

上 in its shell and bone form is an ideogram (指事) that shows the concept of up by showing one line above another (contrast ). The shell and bone form evolved into 上, the character used today.

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 卜一 (YM), four-corner 21100, composition)

  1. (prep) above, over
  2. (adj) last, former, prior
  3. (adj) above, higher
  4. (v) go up, send up

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 76, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13
  • Dae Jaweon: page 145, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 5, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E0A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (archaic/obsolete) , 𠄞
  • (Min Nan) (siōng)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨɐŋX/ /ʑi̯aŋX/ /ʑiaŋX/ /d͡ʑiɐŋX/ /d͡ʑɨaŋX/ /ʑĭaŋX/ /d͡ʑiɑŋX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨɐŋH/ /ʑi̯aŋH/ /ʑiaŋH/ /d͡ʑiɐŋH/ /d͡ʑɨaŋH/ /ʑĭaŋH/ /d͡ʑiɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shàng ‹ dzyangX › /*Cə-daŋʔ/ ascend
shàng ‹ dzyangX › /*m-daŋʔ/ to put up
shàng ‹ dzyangH › /*daŋʔ-s/ top, above (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11102 0 /*djaŋʔ/
11103 0 /*djaŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. on; above; upper; upper surface; top of
  2. preceding; previous; last; former
    •   ―  shàng nián  ―  last year
    •   ―  shàng  ―  First volume
  3. to board; to get on
  4. go to; leave for
  5. to attend (class, work)
    •   ―  shàngbān  ―  to go to work
    • 夜校 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      shàng yèxiào. [Pinyin]
      She goes to night school.
  6. (archaic) referring to the emperor
  7. within, in, from the standpoint of
    理論 / 理论  ―  zài lǐlùn shàng  ―  according to theory
    英文沒有相似說法 [MSC, trad.]
    英文没有相似说法 [MSC, simp.]
    Zài Yīngwén shàng méiyǒu xiàngsì de shuōfǎ. [Pinyin]
    There is no similar way of wording in English.

AntonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

upe → uɸe → uwe → ue.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana うえ, romaji ue, historical hiragana うへ)

  1. the above
  2. the top (position, or direction)
  3. the surface of
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

upa → uɸa → uwa.

NounEdit

‎(hiragana うわ, romaji uwa, historical hiragana うは)

  1. upper, over
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

/kami1/ *[kami] → /kami/ [kami].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かみ, romaji kami)

  1. the start
  2. a high place; the top
  3. one with a high rank

Etymology 4Edit

/zyau/ → /zyoː/ [dʑoː]

NounEdit

‎(hiragana じょう, romaji , historical hiragana じやう)

  1. first volume in a two- or three-volume set
CompoundsEdit

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana じょう, romaji -jō)

  1. from the standpoint of
    理論 (りろん) (じょう)はありえないこと
    riron- wa arienai koto
    something that is impossible according to theory
  2. aboard (a plane or ship)
  3. above, in, on
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. 2.0 2.1 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sang, McCune-Reischauer: sang)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: wit, McCune-Reischauer: wit)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thượng)

  1. King, emperor
  2. One who's high - ranked
  3. To go forward, above
  4. To fill with liquid
  5. To sprinkle
  6. To light up
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