JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
いそ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] Derivation unknown. Related to いそいそ (isoiso, lighthearted, cheerful),[1] possibly also related to 勇む (isamu).

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "急ぐ"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
急ぐ [ìsóꜜgù]
Imperative (命令形) 急げ [ìsóꜜgè]
Key constructions
Passive 急がれる そがれ [ìsógáréꜜrù]
Causative 急がせる そがせ [ìsógáséꜜrù]
Potential 急げる そげ [ìsógéꜜrù]
Volitional 急ごう そご [ìsógóꜜò]
Negative 急がない そがない [ìsógáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 急がなかった そがなかった [ìsógáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 急ぎます そぎま [ìsógímáꜜsù]
Perfective 急いだ いだ [ìsóꜜìdà]
Conjunctive 急いで いで [ìsóꜜìdè]
Hypothetical conditional 急げば げば [ìsóꜜgèbà]

VerbEdit

(いそ) (isoguintransitive godan (stem (いそ) (isogi), past (いそ)いだ (isoida))

  1. to hurry up; to hasten; to rush, in order to get something done or to get somewhere
    (いそ)いで(かた)()ける
    isoide katazukeru
    to clean up in a rush

(いそ) (isogutransitive godan (stem (いそ) (isogi), past (いそ)いだ (isoida))

  1. to prepare or expedite something
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
また
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] Derivation unknown. Homophonic with 跨ぐ (matagu, to straddle, to step across), but semantic relationship is unclear; possibly having to do with ideas of striding, i.e. walking quickly.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

(また) (mataguintransitive godan (stem (また) (matagi), past (また)いだ (mataida))

  1. to be in a hurry, to be hasty
  2. to be impatient
ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  4. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN