U+6025, 急
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6025

[U+6024]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6026]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓一心 (NMP) or 弓尸心 (NSP), four-corner 27337, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 381, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10475
  • Dae Jaweon: page 710, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2281, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6025

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *krɯb): phonetic (OC *ɡrɯb) + semantic (heart).

EtymologyEdit

Etymology not clear. Not a variant of (OC *kɯɡ, “urgent”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (142)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjip̚/
Li
Rong
/kjəp̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ji
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kip ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k](r)əp/
English urgent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5658
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. rapid; quick
    Antonym: (chí)
  2. rapidly; quickly
  3. urgent; pressing; critical
  4. urgency; emergency
  5. to hurry; to hasten
    唔使 [Cantonese]  ―  m4 sai2 gap1. [Jyutping]  ―  There's no need to rush / hurry.
    屋企 [Cantonese]  ―  gap1 zyu6 faan1 uk1 kei5 [Jyutping]  ―  hurrying to get home
  6. to be eager to help
  7. irascible; hot-tempered
  8. to get angry; to take offense; to be ruffled
  9. to be anxious; to worry; to be worried

SynonymsEdit

  • (rapid):
  • (urgent):
  • (to get angry):
  • (to be anxious):

AntonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
きゅう
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

/kipʉ//kiɸʉ//kiu//kʲɨː/

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠiɪp̚).

PronunciationEdit

Adjectival nounEdit

(きゅう) (kyū-na (adnominal (きゅう) (kyū na), adverbial (きゅう) (kyū ni), historical kana きふ)

  1. sudden
  2. immediate, rapid

InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 급할 (geuphal geup))

  1. Hanja form? of (rapid; sudden).

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cấp, gấp, kép, kíp, quắp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.