ChineseEdit

thumb
 
finger; to point; to direct
finger; to point; to direct; to indicate
simp. and trad.
(拇指)
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (4) (23)
Final () (137) (17)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/məuX/ /t͡ɕˠiɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/məuX/ /t͡ɕᵚiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/məuX/ /t͡ɕiɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/məwX/ /cjiX/
Li
Rong
/muX/ /t͡ɕjiX/
Wang
Li
/məuX/ /t͡ɕiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mə̯uX/ /t͡ɕiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mǒu zhǐ
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mau5 zi2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə.kijʔ/
English finger; point

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 9287 17325
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯʔ/ /*kjiʔ/

NounEdit

拇指

  1. thumb
  2. big toe

SynonymsEdit

  • (thumb):
  • (big toe):

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (拇指):
  • Japanese: 拇指(ぼし) (boshi)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji

Grade: 3
on’yomi

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Chinese 拇指

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

()() (boshi

  1. Synonym of 親指